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Physical Activity and Health - A Report of the Surgeon General
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Nutrition and Physical Activity


Chapter 6

Understanding and Promoting Physical Activity

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Contents

  • Introduction

  • Theories and Models Used in Behavioral and Social Science Research on Physical Activity
      Learning Theories
      Health Belief Model
      Transtheoretical Model
      Relapse Prevention Model
      Theory of Reasoned Action and Theory of Planned Behavior
      Social Learning/Social Cognitive Theory
      Social Support
      Ecological Approaches
      Summary

  • Behavioral Research on Physical Activity among Adults
      Factors Influencing Physical Activity among Adults
        Modifiable Determinants
        Determinants for Population Subgroups
        Summary
      Interventions to Promote Physical Activity among Adults
        Individual Approaches
        Interventions in Health Care Settings
        Community Approaches
        Worksite Programs
        Communications Strategies
        Special Population Programs
          Racial and Ethnic Minorities
          People Who Are Overweight
          Older Adults
          People with Disabilities
          Summary

  • Behavioral Research on Physical Activity among Children and Adolescents
      Factors Influencing Physical Activity among Children and Adolescents
        Modifiable Determinants
        Determinants for Population Subgroups
        Summary
      Interventions to Promote Physical Activity among Children and Adolescents
        School Programs
        School-Community Programs
        Interventions in Health Care Settings
        Special Population Programs
        Summary

  • Promising Approaches, Barriers, and Resources
      Environmental and Policy Approaches
      Community-Based Approaches
      Societal Barriers
      Societal Resources
      Summary

  • Chapter Summary

  • Conclusions
      Research Needs
        Determinants of Physical Activity
        Physical Activity Interventions

  • References

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Historical Document: November 17, 1999

United States Department of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity