Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Chapter 4

This website is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated.

The Effects of Physical Activity on Health and Disease

You may download a PDF version [481KB] for Adobe Acrobat Reader or a PostScript version [1,249KB] of the entire chapter. HTML and Text versions are not available. You can purchase a printed copy of the report by sending in the order form .


Contents

  • Introduction
  • Overall Mortality
    • Conclusions
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
    • Cardiovascular Diseases Combined
    • Coronary Heart Disease
    • CVD Risk Factors in Children
    • Stroke
    • High Blood Pressure
    • Biologic Plausibility
      • Atherosclerosis
      • Plasma Lipid/Lipoprotein Profile
      • Blood Pressure
      • Ischemia
      • Thrombosis
      • Arrhythmia
    • Conclusions
  • Cancer
    • Colorectal Cancer
      • Colon Cancer
      • Rectal Cancer
    • Hormone-Dependent Cancers in Women
      • Breast Cancer
      • Other Hormone-Dependent Cancers in Women
    • Cancers in Men
      • Prostate Cancer
      • Testicular Cancer
    • Other Site-Specific Cancers
    • Biologic Plausibility
    • Conclusions
  • Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
    • Physical Activity and NIDDM
    • Biologic Plausibility
    • Conclusions
  • Osteoarthritis
    • Physical Activity in Persons with Arthritis
    • Biologic Plausibility
    • Conclusions
  • Osteoporosis
    • Biologic Plausibility
    • Physical Activity and the Prevention of Fractures and Falling
    • Conclusions
  • Obesity
    • Physical Activity and Obesity
    • Biologic Plausibility
    • Conclusions
  • Mental Health
    • Physical Activity and Mental Health
    • Biologic Plausibility
    • Conclusions
  • Health-Related Quality of Life
    • Conclusions
  • Adverse Effects of Physical Activity
    • Types of Adverse Effects
      • Musculoskeletal Injuries
      • Metabolic Abnormalities
      • Hematologic and Body Organ Abnormalities
      • Hazards
      • Infectious, Allergic, and Inflammatory Conditions
      • Cardiac Events
    • Occurrence of Adverse Effects
    • Conclusions
  • Nature of the Activity/Health Relationship
    • Causality
    • Population Burden of Sedentary Living
    • Dose
    • Conclusions
  • Chapter Summary
  • Conclusions
    • Research Needs
  • References
Top