Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
 CDC Home Search Health Topics A-Z

National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Physical Activity and Health - A Report of the Surgeon General
Report Home| Ordering Information | Related Links | Contact Us

Nutrition and Physical Activity


Chapter 4

The Effects of Physical Activity on Health and Disease

You may download a PDF version (481K) for Adobe Acrobat Reader or a PostScript version (1,249K) of the entire chapter. HTML and Text versions are not available. You can purchase a printed copy of the report by sending in the order form.

Contents

  • Introduction

  • Overall Mortality
      Conclusions

  • Cardiovascular Diseases
      Cardiovascular Diseases Combined
      Coronary Heart Disease
      CVD Risk Factors in Children
      Stroke
      High Blood Pressure
      Biologic Plausibility
        Atherosclerosis
        Plasma Lipid/Lipoprotein Profile
        Blood Pressure
        Ischemia
        Thrombosis
        Arrhythmia
      Conclusions

  • Cancer
      Colorectal Cancer
        Colon Cancer
        Rectal Cancer
      Hormone-Dependent Cancers in Women
        Breast Cancer
        Other Hormone-Dependent Cancers in Women
      Cancers in Men
        Prostate Cancer
        Testicular Cancer
      Other Site-Specific Cancers
      Biologic Plausibility
      Conclusions

  • Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
      Physical Activity and NIDDM
      Biologic Plausibility
      Conclusions

  • Osteoarthritis
      Physical Activity in Persons with Arthritis
      Biologic Plausibility
      Conclusions

  • Osteoporosis
      Biologic Plausibility
      Physical Activity and the Prevention of Fractures and Falling
      Conclusions

  • Obesity
      Physical Activity and Obesity
      Biologic Plausibility
      Conclusions

  • Mental Health
      Physical Activity and Mental Health
      Biologic Plausibility
      Conclusions

  • Health-Related Quality of Life
      Conclusions

  • Adverse Effects of Physical Activity
      Types of Adverse Effects
        Musculoskeletal Injuries
        Metabolic Abnormalities
        Hematologic and Body Organ Abnormalities
        Hazards
        Infectious, Allergic, and Inflammatory Conditions
        Cardiac Events
      Occurrence of Adverse Effects
      Conclusions

  • Nature of the Activity/Health Relationship
      Causality
      Population Burden of Sedentary Living
      Dose
      Conclusions

  • Chapter Summary

  • Conclusions
      Research Needs

  • References

| Top of Page |


Privacy Policy | Accessibility

Report Home| Ordering Information | Related Links | Contact Us

CDC Home | Search | Health Topics A-Z

Historical Document: November 17, 1999

United States Department of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity