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Using the CDC Growth Charts
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6. Using the CDC Growth Charts

Prevalence of Nutritional Status Indicators

Data from the 2007 – 2020 NHANES were used to calculate the prevalence of obesity, overweight, underweight, and short stature in U.S. children and teens.

PREVALENCE OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS INDICATORS BY AGE GROUPS AND GENDER NHANES 2007-2010

Nutritional Status Indicators

 2 to 19 years

 2 to 5 years

6 to 11 years

 12 to 19 years

 

Percent

SE

Percent

SE

Percent

SE

Percent

SE

Obesity1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

16.8

0.7

11.1

0.8

18.8

0.7

18.2

1.1

Female

15.4

0.9

10.2

1.3

16.9

1.1

16.9

1.2

Male

18.2

0.9

11.9

1.2

20.7

0.9

19.4

1.6

Overweight2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

14.9

0.5

12.8

1.0

15.2

0.8

15.6

0.8

Female

15.4

0.9

12.3

1.1

16.7

1.3

16.0

1.4

Male

14.3

0.6

13.3

1.7

13.8

1.2

15.2

1.0

Underweight3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

3.5

0.3

3.4

0.5

3.6

0.5

3.5

0.4

Female

3.5

0.3

4.3

1.0

3.7

0.8

3.0

0.5

Male

3.6

0.5

2.7

0.5

3.5

0.7

4.1

0.8

Short Stature4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

3.6

0.3

2.8

0.5

3.2

0.4

4.2

0.4

Female

3.6

0.4

2.3

0.6

3.1

0.5

4.6

0.6

Male

3.6

0.4

3.3

0.6

3.3

0.5

3.9

0.5

1 Obesity: BMI-for-age ≥ 95th percentile
2 Overweight: BMI-for-age ≥ 85th percentile and < 95th percentile
3 Underweight: BMI-for-age < 5th percentile
4 Short stature: height-for-age < 5th percentile

*Excludes pregnant females

Source: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; Personal communication with Ogden CL, National Center for Health Statistics. (Nov. 2012). Unpublished data.



Summary

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommend that health care providers in primary care settings

Bullet Use the World Health Organization (WHO) growth standard charts for children aged birth to less than 2 years regardless of type of feeding, to monitor growth in the United States (Grummer-Strawn, Reinold, Krebs, 2010).

Bullet Use the 2000 CDC growth reference charts for children and teens aged 2 years up to 20 years to monitor growth in the United States (Grummer-Strawn, Reinold, Krebs, 2010).

The CDC 2000 growth charts provide health care providers with a tool to assess the growth of children and teens aged 2 years to 20 years.

CDC promotes the use of the 2000 CDC growth charts for all racial and ethnic groups.

 

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