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Legacy for Children™ Measurement


Outcome Data

To understand the effects of the Legacy for Children™ intervention,  a rigorous randomized clinical trial with comprehensive assessments was conducted, systematic developmental assessments were conducted starting with a baseline assessment, followed by a 6-month assessment, and continuing annually through the time the children were 5 years of age. Follow-up data were collected when the children reached third grade, at approximately 8 years of age.

The assessments were designed to provide a comprehensive picture of each mother’s characteristics and child developmental outcomes that were key to the intervention. The following chart shows the constructs and when they were assessed.

Age of Child
Areas of MeasurementBirth6 Months12 Months24 Months36 Months48 Months60 Months3rd Grade
Self-efficacy (a mother’s belief that she can parent her child well)XXXXXXXX
Commitment to and satisfaction with positive parentingXXXXXXX
Emotional well-beingXXXXXXXX
Sense of community, support, connectednessXXXXXXXX
Mother–child interactionXXXXXX
Parenting practicesXXXXXXXX
Social and emotional skillsXXXXXXX
Language and communication skillsXXXX
Thinking and learningXXXXX
1In addition to the areas of measurement displayed in the table, other aspects, such as demographics, family background, and environmental factors, were assessed.

Assessment methods included interviews, tests of skills and abilities, as well as videotaped observations.

Process Data

Extensive process data were collected throughout the intervention. This included qualitative and quantitative data collected from the group leaders as well as qualitative data based on observation of group sessions by ethnographers and special focus groups and case studies.

Cost Data

Measurement also incorporated tracking the costs of each component of the study in order to perform cost–benefit and cost-effectiveness analyses. This included looking at intervention, assessment, and operational costs, as well as time and activity diaries for sample time periods.

Read more about the sample, approach, and methods for the Legacy for Children™ main study »
Read more about behavioral and socioemotional outcomes »