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Policy Impact: Seat Belts

Nineteen States Still Lack a Primary Enforcement Seat Belt Law

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety maintains current information about state laws, who they cover, and fines.

US map illustrating states that have primary enforcement, secondary enforcement, and no seat belt laws.
Back to Policy Impact: Seat Belts

State Primary Law Secondary Law No Law
Alabama X    
Alaska X    
Arizona   X  
Arkansas X    
California X    
Colorado   X  
Connecticut X    
Delaware X    
District of Columbia X    
Florida X    
Georgia X    
Hawaii X    
Idaho   X  
Illinois X    
Indiana X    
Iowa X    
Kansas X    
Kentucky X    
Louisiana X    
Maine X    
Maryland X    
Massachusetts   X  
Michigan X    
Minnesota X    
Mississippi X    
Missouri   X  
Montana   X  
Nebraska   X  
Nevada   X  
New Hampshire     X
New Jersey X    
New Mexico X    
New York X    
North Carolina X    
North Dakota   X  
Ohio   X  
Oklahoma X    
Oregon X    
Pennsylvania   X  
Rhode Island   X  
South Carolina X    
South Dakota   X  
Tennessee X    
Texas X    
Utah   X  
Vermont   X  
Virginia   X  
Washington X    
West Virginia   X  
Wisconsin X    
Wyoming   X  

Policy Impact is a series of issue briefs from CDC’s Injury Center highlighting key public health issues and important, science-based policy actions that can be taken to address them.

 
Almost half of all black (45%) and Hispanic (46%) children who died in crashes were not buckled up (2009-2010).
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