Costs & Prevention Policies
Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death a in the U.S.1 More than 2.5 million drivers and passengers were treated in emergency departments as the result of being injured in motor vehicle crashes in 2012.2 The economic impact is also notable: in a one-year period, the cost of medical care and productivity losses associated with injuries from motor vehicle crashes exceeded $80 billion.1
While these numbers are disturbing, there are effective measures that can help prevent motor vehicle injuries and deaths.
CDC offers a new interactive calculator, called the Motor Vehicle PICCS (Prioritizing Interventions and Cost Calculator for States), pronounced “picks”. This tool will help state decision makers prioritize and select from a suite of 12 effective motor vehicle injury prevention interventions. It is designed to calculate the expected number of injuries prevented and lives saved at the state level and the costs of implementation, while taking into account available resources. A fact sheet for each intervention and a final report with a user guide are included.
CDC Vital Signs
Motor Vehicle Crash Injuries: Costly but Preventable (October 2014)
State-Based Costs of Deaths from CrashesOver 30,000 people are killed in crashes each year in the United States. In 2005, in addition to the toll on victims’ family and friends, crash deaths resulted in $41 billion in medical and work loss costs.
Policy Impact Briefs
Policy Impact: Alcohol Impaired Driving
CDC supports efforts to strengthen policies related to preventing alcohol-impaired crash-related injuries and deaths.
Policy Impact: Seat Belts
CDC recommends effective, well-enforced seat belt laws to ensure that every person in every seat buckles up on every trip.
Policy Impact: Teen Driver Safety
This brief features critical information on crashes among teen drivers, as well as CDC’s recommendations for improving new driver safety.
CDC WISQARS Cost of Injury Reports
WISQARS™ (Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System) provides cost estimates for injury deaths (including violent deaths) and nonfatal injuries where the patient was treated and released from a hospital or emergency department.
NHTSA: The Economic and Societal Impact Of Motor Vehicle Crashes, 2010
2014 NHTSA study shows motor vehicle crashes have $871 billion economic and societal impact on U.S. citizens.
Incidence and Total Lifetime Costs of Motor Vehicle-Related Fatal and Nonfatal Injury by Road User Type, United States, 2005 In a one-year period, the cost of medical care and productivity losses associated with injuries from motor vehicle crashes exceeded $99 billion - with the cost of direct medical care accounting for $17 billion, according to a study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The total annual cost amounts to nearly $500 for each licensed driver in the United States, said the study in the August 2010 issue of the journal Traffic Injury Prevention.
- CDC. WISQARS (Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System). Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC; 2010. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars. Accessed October 12, 2010.
- CDC. Vital Signs: Health Burden and Medical Costs of Nonfatal Injuries to Motor Vehicle Occupants - United States, 2012. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/VitalSigns/crash-injuries. Accessed October 7, 2014.