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Notice to Readers: National Latino AIDS Awareness Day --- October 15, 2008

October 15 is National Latino AIDS Awareness Day (NLAAD), which seeks to increase awareness of the disproportionate effects of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in the Hispanic/Latino population living in the United States. In 2006, Hispanics accounted for approximately 14.8% of the U.S. population but 18.4% of persons who received an HIV/AIDS diagnosis (1). For 2006, estimates of HIV incidence show that blacks had the highest rate of new infections (83.8 per 100,000 population), followed by Hispanics (29.4 per 100,000) and non-Hispanic whites (11.5 per 100,000) (2). Male-to-male sexual contact accounted for approximately half of the new infections among all Hispanics and approximately 72% of new infections among Hispanic males (2).

NLAAD also is a day for encouraging increased HIV testing. Results from the national HIV counseling and testing database show that percentages of positive HIV tests representing new diagnoses were 1.5 times as high among Hispanics as among non-Hispanic whites (CDC, unpublished data, 2005). In addition, modes of HIV infection among Hispanics have been determined to vary by place of birth (3), which calls for appropriate prevention activities in the diverse Hispanic communities in the United States.

Information about NLAAD is available at http://nlaad.org. Information about CDC activities and resources supporting NLAAD is available at http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/hispanics.

References

  1. CDC. Cases of HIV infection and AIDS in the United States and dependent areas, 2006. HIV/AIDS surveillance report, 2006. Vol. 18. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC; 2008. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/reports/2006report.
  2. CDC. Subpopulation estimates from the HIV Incidence Surveillance System---United States, 2006. MMWR 2008;57:985--9.
  3. CDC. HIV/AIDS among Hispanics---United States, 2001--2005. MMWR 2007;56:1052--7.

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Date last reviewed: 10/9/2008

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