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Errata: Vol. 53, No. 3

In the report, "Economic Costs Associated with Mental Retardation, Cerebral Palsy, Hearing Loss, and Vision Impairment --- United States, 2003," the special education costs for hearing loss and vision impairment were incorrect.

Consequently, on page 57, in the first paragraph, the fourth sentence should read as follows: "On the basis of that analysis, estimated lifetime costs in 2003 dollars are expected to total $51.2 billion for persons born in 2000 with mental retardation, $11.5 billion for persons with cerebral palsy, $1.9 billion for persons with hearing loss, and $2.6 billion for persons with vision impairment."

On page 58, in the second full paragraph, the third through sixth sentences should read as follows: "Average lifetime costs per person were estimated at $1,014,000 for persons with mental retardation, $921,000 for persons with cerebral palsy, $383,000 for persons with hearing loss, and $601,000 for persons with vision impairment (Table). Indirect costs accounted for the largest percentage (range: 69%--81%) of total costs associated with each DD. Total direct costs (i.e., direct medical plus direct nonmedical) amounted to approximately $12.3 billion for persons with mental retardation, $2.2 billion for persons with cerebral palsy, $601 million for persons with hearing loss, and $721 million for persons with vision impairment. Among total direct costs, special education accounted for a substantial percentage (range: 42%--78%) for each DD."

On page 58, in the Table, "Estimated prevalence and lifetime economic costs for mental retardation, cerebral palsy, hearing loss, and vision impairment, by cost category --- United States, 2003," the dollar amounts for hearing loss and vision impairment should be as follows: under "Direct nonmedical costs (millions)," 469 and 652, respectively; under "Total costs (millions)," 1,931 and 2,636, respectively; and under "Average costs per person," 383,000 and 601,000, respectively.



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