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Alcohol Involvement in Fatal Motor-Vehicle Crashes -- United States, 1994-1995

The figure (Figure_1) on page 1067 compares alcohol involvement in fatal motor-vehicle crashes for 1994 and 1995. A fatal crash is considered alcohol-related by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) if either a driver or nonoccupant (e.g., pedestrian) had a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of greater than or equal to 0.01 g/dL in a police-reported traffic crash. Because BACs are not available for all persons in fatal crashes, NHTSA estimates the number of alcohol-related traffic fatalities based on a discriminant analysis of information from all cases for which driver or nonoccupant BAC data are available (1).

Overall, the number of alcohol-related traffic fatalities increased 4.1% from 1994 to 1995; for BACs of 0.01 g/dL-0.09 g/dL, the increase was 6.5%, for BACs greater than or equal to 0.10 g/dL (the legal limit of intoxication in most states), the increase was 3.4%.

Reference

  1. Klein TM. A method of estimating posterior BAC distributions for persons involved in fatal traffic accidents: final report. Washington, DC: US Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 1986; report no. DOT-HS-807-094.




    Figure_1

    Figure_1
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Figure_1

Figure_1
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