Starting in 1997, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) requires federal agencies to use a minimum of five race categories:
- Black or African American;
- American Indian or Alaska Native;
- Asian; and
- Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.
The OMB defines Hispanic or Latino as
“a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin,
regardless of race.”
In data collection and presentation, federal agencies are required to use a minimum of two ethnicities: “Hispanic or Latino” and "Not Hispanic or Latino".
In addition, on October 31, 2011, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published
final standards for data collection
on race, ethnicity, sex, primary language and disability status, as required by
Section 4302 of the Affordable Care Act.
See below for definitions of specific population groups.
For more information, See:
US Census Bureau, 2010 Census Briefs,
Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin: 2010
US Office of Managment and Budget (OMB),
OMB Bulletin Guidance on Aggregation and Allocation of Data on Race
People having origins in two or more of the federally designated racial categories.
Note: Though OMB and Census 2000 use "two or more races," we use the term "multiracial" because it is the term most widely used and accepted by advocacy groups and state laws.
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