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American Indian & Alaska Native Populations


American Indian and Alaska Native Populations

American Indians and Alaska Natives are people having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America), and who maintain tribal affiliation or community attachment.

The American Indian and Alaska Native population includes people who marked the “American Indian or Alaska Native” checkbox or reported entries such as Navajo, Blackfeet, Inupiat, Yup’ik, or Central American Indian groups or South American Indian groups.

There are 565 Federally-recognized tribes plus an unknown number of tribes that are not Federally-recognized. Each tribe has its own culture, beliefs, and practices.

Demographics

According to U.S. Census Bureau in 2010, there were roughly 5.2 million American Indians and Alaska Natives living in the U.S., representing approximately 1.7% of the U.S. total population.

The projected U.S. population of American Indians and Alaska Natives for July 1, 2050 is estimated to reach 8.6 million, constituting approximately 2% of the U.S. population by that date.

In the 2010 U.S. Census, tribal groupings with 100,000 or more responses were: Cherokee (819,105), Navajo (332,129), Choctaw (195,764), Mexican American Indian (175,494), Chippewa (170,742), Sioux (170,110), Apache (111,810), and Blackfeet (105,304).

AIAN Woman teaching her granddaughter to weave


In 2010, there were 15 states with more than 100,000 American Indian and Alaska Native residents.

In 2010, the state with the largest American Indian and Alaska Native population was California (723,225), followed by Oklahoma (482,760) and Arizona (353,386). The state with the highest percentage of American Indian and Alaska Native population was Alaska (19.5%).

AI/AN Girl with her sled dog puppy The percentage of American Indians and Alaska Natives who lacked health insurance in 2010 was 29.2%.

For more information, see:

US Census Bureau, 2011 Facts for Features:
American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month: November, 2011

US Census Bureau, 2010 Census Briefs:
The American Indian & Alaska Native Population: 2010 issued January, 2012

US Census Bureau, American Indian and Alaska Native
Census 2010

US Census Bureau, Current Population Reports:
Income, Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage in the US: 2010 issued September, 2011

US Census Bureau, 2010 Census Briefs:
Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin: 2010

US Office of Management and Budget (OMB):
OMB Bulletin Guidance on Aggregation and Allocation of Data on Race

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OMHHE Slides


slides

Presentation on CDC's Office of Minority Health & Health Equity (OMHHE)

PPT Version

CDC Health Disparities & Inequalities Report, 2011 (CHDIR)

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