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Injury and Violence

Below are links to information related to injury and violence. Click on the right menu or scroll down to view general information and programs, research, statistics and guidelines on this topic.

Research, Recommendations and Guidelines

Previous Years

Former NFL Players at Increased Risk of Death from Neurodegenerative Causes
A CDC study found that National Football League (NFL) players may be at a higher risk of death associated with Alzheimer’s and other impairments of the brain and nervous system than the general U.S. population. These results are consistent with recent studies by other research institutions that suggest an increased risk of neurodegenerative disease among football players.

Heads Up! Concussions in Youth Sports
Heads Up! Play it Safe When it Comes to Concussions Podcast
CDC’s new youth sports tool kit teaches how to play it safe when it comes to concussions. A concussion is a brain injury caused by a bump or blow to the head that can change the way your brain normally works. Even what seems to be a mild bump or blow to the head can be serious. As many as 3.8 million sports- and recreation-related concussions are estimated to occur in the United States each year.

Increase in Fatal Poisonings Involving Opioid Analgesics in the United States, 1999-2006
Males had higher age-adjusted poisoning death rates involving opioid analgesics than females throughout the period. In 2006, the rate for males was about 75 percent higher than for females.

Injury Fact Sheets
Males are at higher risk than females for motor vehicle crashes, falls, drowning, and homicide. Compared with women, men are twice as likely to sustain a traumatic brain injury and four times as likely to sustain a spinal cord injury. Learn more about injuries.

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Prevention
Nearly 5.3 million incidents of IPV occur each year among U.S. women ages 18 and older, and 3.2 million occur among men.

Learn to Prevent & Recognize Concussions
CDC's youth sports tool kit teaches coaches, athletes, and parents to play it safe when it comes to concussions.

Leptospirosis Risk in Outdoor Activities
People who enjoy outdoor activities such as freshwater kayaking, rafting, canoeing or swimming may be at risk for leptospirosis. Learn how to help prevent infection and stay safe outdoors.

Motor Vehicle-Related Death Rates- United States, 1999-2005 
This report determined that, during 1999-2005, although annual age-adjusted motor vehicle-related death rates overall were nearly unchanged (range: 15.2-15.7 per 100,000 population), substantial differences were observed by state, U.S. Census region, sex, race, and age group. During 1999-2005, the average annual death rate for males in the United States was more than twice the rate for females.

Motor Vehicle Safety
Alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes kill someone every 31 minutes and nonfatally injure someone every two minutes. Male drivers involved in fatal motor vehicle crashes are almost twice as likely as female drivers to be intoxicated with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of 0.08% or greater.

Safety Pays. Falls Cost
Falls are the number one cause of construction worker fatalities, accounting for one-third of on-the-job injury deaths in the industry. Falls are preventable. A new national campaign focuses on efforts to prevent falls in construction.

Sexual Violence Prevention
Sexual violence is a serious problem that affects millions of people every year. Women are more likely to be victims of sexual violence than men: 78% of the victims of rape and sexual assault are women and 22% are men.

Sixty-Eight Percent of Heat-Related Deaths Among Males (QuickStats)
From 1999 to 2010, a total of 7,415 deaths in the United States, an average of 618 per year, were associated with exposure to excessive natural heat. The highest yearly total of heat-related deaths (1,050) was in 1999 and the lowest (295) in 2004. Approximately 68% of heat-related deaths were among males.

Surveillance for Traumatic Brain Injury-Related Deaths - United States, 1997-2007
During 1997-2007, an annual average of 53,014 deaths among U.S. residents were associated with TBIs. The rate of TBI deaths was three times higher among males (28.8 per 100,000 population) than among females (9.1).

Easy Read Tool Kit on Concussion for High School Coaches
Concussions can happen to any athlete- male or female- in any sport. Concussions are a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI), caused by a blow or jolt to the head, that can range from mild to severe and can disrupt the way the brain normally works. Coaches, athletic directors, and trainers play a key role in helping to prevent concussion and in managing it properly if it occurs.

Violent Deaths: Suicides & Homicides Occurred at Higher Rates among Males
Overall, the crude suicide rate was 12.2 per 100,000 population. The rate for males was nearly four times that for females (19.5 and 5.1 per 100,000 population, respectively). The homicide rate for males was approximately 3.2 times higher than that for females (7.7 and 2.4 per 100,000 population, respectively).

Water-Related Injuries
In 2005, males were four times more likely than females to die from unintentional drownings in the United States.

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