People can get Melioidosis through direct contact with contaminated soil and surface waters.
Humans and animals are believed to acquire the infection by inhalation of contaminated dust or water droplets, ingestion of contaminated water, and contact with contaminated soil, especially through skin abrasions.
It is very rare for people to get the disease from another person. While a few cases have been documented, contaminated soil and surface water remain the primary way in which people become infected.
Besides humans, many animal species are susceptible to melioidosis, including: