In areas where the disease is widespread (see map below), contact with contaminated soil or water can put people at risk for melioidosis.
However, in these areas, there are things that certain groups of people can do to help minimize the risk of exposure:
- Persons with open skin wounds and those with diabetes or chronic renal disease are at increased risk for melioidosis and should avoid contact with soil and standing water.
- Those who perform agricultural work should wear boots, which can prevent infection through the feet and lower legs.
- Health care workers can use standard contact precautions (mask, gloves, and gown) to help prevent infection.