Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
 CDC Home Search Health Topics A-Z

CDC Media Relations
Media Home | Contact Us
US Department of Health and Human Services logo and link

Media Relations Links
About Us
Media Contact
Frequently Asked Questions
Media Site Map

CDC News
Press Release Library
MMWR Summaries
B-Roll Footage
Upcoming Events

Related Links
Centers at CDC
Data and Statistics
Health Topics A-Z
Image Library
Publications, Software and Other Products
Global Health Odyssey
Find your state or local health department
HHS News
National Health Observances
Visit the FirstGov Web Site
Div. of Media Relations
1600 Clifton Road
MS D-14
Atlanta, GA 30333
(404) 639-3286
Fax (404) 639-7394


Embargoed for release until Midnight, June 8, 1999

June 8, 1999

Contact: CDC, National Center for Health Statistics
(301) 436-7551
CDC, Division of Media Relations
(404) 639-3286

New data show AIDS patients less likely to be hospitalized

The latest data on hospitalization in the United States show decreasing hospital use for patients with HIV and longer hospital stays for childbirth, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's, National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

The findings, which reflect medical advances as well as changes in health policy and health care delivery, appear in the first issues of NCHS Health E-Stats, a new series of Internet data releases on topics of current interest and importance.

According to data from NCHS's National Hospital Discharge Survey, patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) had 71,000 fewer hospitalizations in 1997 than in 1995, for a 30 percent drop in the rate of hospitalization. Those patients who were hospitalized had shorter stays, resulting in almost 900,000 fewer total days of hospital care for HIV in 1997 compared to 1995.

The data release includes an analysis by age, sex and region of the country and shows the largest drop in hospital days is 50 percent for those 30-34 years of age. Comparing regions of the country, the decline was especially notable in the West where hospitalization was cut in half and days of care dropped by 60 percent.

The reduction in hospitalization for AIDS patients from 1995 to 1997 is consistent with the dramatic 62 percent decline in the AIDS death rate during the same period. The use of intensive antiretroviral therapies and continued AIDS prevention efforts were credited with the drop in the death rate and appear to have had a major impact on the need for hospital care for the treatment of HIV. "Decreasing Hospital Use for HIV,"NCHS Health E-Stats, No. 1" is available on the NCHS Home Page at

In another analysis of data from National Hospital Discharge Survey, a survey of patients discharged from a sample of the nation's non-Federal short-stay hospital, NCHS researchers monitored hospital care for childbirth -- an aspect of health care under public and legislative scrutiny in recent years. Declining hospital stays for childbirth received widespread attention and questions were raised as to whether short stays, especially stays of 24 hours or less, were endangering the health of mothers or their babies. Many states and the Federal government have enacted legislation to require insurance plans to cover minimum stays of 2 days for uncomplicated deliveries.

"NCHS Health E-Stats", No. 2 reports an increase from 1995 to 1997 in the average length of hospital stay for childbirth in the United States, after a long period of increasingly shorter stays over the past two decades. The average hospital stay for all women who delivered was 2.4 days in 1997 compared to 2.1 days in 1995; in 1980 the average stay was 3.8 days. The number of women hospitalized for 1 day or less for childbirth dropped from 1.4 million in 1995 to 951,000 in 1997.

Check the NCHS Home Page to view or download these reports, for trend and additional data, and for background information on the National Hospital Discharge Survey.

Media Home | Contact Us

CDC Home | Search | Health Topics A-Z

This page last reviewed

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention