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September 7, 2000
Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC)
Cardiovascular Health Program
(770) 488–8266

Fact Sheet

Prevalence of Healthy Lifestyle Characteristics — Michigan, 1998-2000

  • Chronic diseases (e.g., cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, chronic lung disease) account for 70% of all deaths in the United States. More than 60% of the nation’s medical care costs is attributed to chronic diseases.

  • Risk factors and lifestyle behaviors such as tobacco use, poor diet, excessive weight, and physical inactivity have been linked to major chronic diseases.

  • In 1998 and 2000, a very small number of Michigan residents practiced healthy lifestyles that included maintaining healthy weight, healthy eating, exercise, and not smoking. Michigan is among the states with a high burden of chronic disease-related mortality.

  • During 1998 and 2000, the prevalence of engaging in all four healthy lifestyle characteristics (HLC) — healthy weight, adequate fruit and vegetable consumption, regular leisure time physical activity, and not smoking — was only 3% among Michigan residents.

  • The prevalence of engaging in all HLCs was lower among Michigan men (1.6%) than among Michigan women (4.5%), and higher among college graduates (4.9%) than those with a high school education or less (1.2%)

  • Compared to other states, obesity and smoking are higher than the national average in Michigan. Michigan is consistent with the national average of the recommended daily consumption of five fruits and vegetables, and ranked among the top 10 states for participation in regular and sustained physical activity in 2000.

  • Healthy lifestyle changes such as an improved diet, weight management, exercise, and not smoking can help lower major chronic disease risk, including cardiovascular disease.

  • The Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH) sponsors and supports several programs to encourage environmental changes and promote physical activity, healthy weight, and healthy diets in a variety of settings including schools and communities. MDCH also partners with grocery stores to provide educational materials to consumers on healthy diets. For more information, visit the MDCH Web site at

For more information, visit the CDC’s Web site at

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This page last reviewed September 7, 2001

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention