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For Immediate Release: October 1996
Contact: CDC Media Relations (404) 639-3286
Breast Cancer Screening Efforts Go Nationwide
Secretary Shalala Launches Breast Cancer Awareness Month
Stressing the importance of routine breast cancer screening for all women, HHS Secretary Donna E. Shalala today announced the expansion of the Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program to all 50 states, with $102 million in federal funding for the upcoming year.
Since its first year of operation in 12 states in 1991, this program has provided screening tests to nearly a million medically underserved women.
The announcement came as National Breast Cancer Awareness Month activities were launched nationwide.
"We know that regular mammograms can substantially reduce the chance of death from breast cancer," said Secretary Shalala. "It is important that we reach every American woman with this message. And it is especially important that we reach racial and ethnic minority women throughout our country, because breast cancer mortality among these women is disproportionately high."
The Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program, operated by the CDC, serves low income and minority women, older women and those who are uninsured or underinsured. Operating in an increasing number of states each year since 1991, it is going nationwide this month with the addition of programs in Alabama, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Dakota, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, Wyoming and Washington D.C., as well as the Northern Mariana Islands, Republic of Palau, Virgin Islands, Hopi Tribe, Native American Rehabilitation Association of the Northwest, the Navajo Nation, and Indian Community Health Service.
From its inception through May 1996, the program provided 457,600 mammograms to women. Breast cancer was diagnosed in 2,495 of them.
In addition, Papanicolaou (Pap) tests have been provided to 612,008 women, and 19,166 were found to have a precursor of cervical cancer called cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN I, II or III, which can be treated successfully). Almost all deaths from cervical cancer are preventable through widespread use of Pap testing and timely and appropriate treatment. Invasive cervical cancer has been diagnosed in 239 women through the CDC program.
The CDC program provides outreach screening and education programs through a broad array of facilities, including local health departments, community and migrant health centers, private physician offices, family planning and church sponsored clinics, YWCAs, women's shelters and senior centers.
"Public education and outreach have played important roles in the long-term success of this program," said CDC Director David Satcher, M.D. "CDC and its partners have successfully reached medically underserved women with screening through a variety of intensive community-based efforts."
Educating consumers and health professionals is the cornerstone of the National Breast Cancer Awareness Month (NBCAM) program which enters its second decade of public and professional educational outreach efforts. Two HHS agencies, the CDC and the National Cancer Institute, join with 15 other national organizations as co-sponsors of the October National Breast Cancer Awareness Month, which is dedicated to increasing awareness of the importance of early detection of breast cancer.
This year, National Mammography Day will be celebrated on Friday, October 18. On National Mammography Day, women across America are encouraged to receive or sign up for a screening mammogram or to make a commitment to get one.
Breast cancer research and screening have been high priorities for HHS under Secretary Shalala. In 1993, she convened a conference to develop a National Action Plan on Breast Cancer, and implementation of the plan is being carried out through a public-private partnership led by HHS' Office on Women's Health. Total HHS discretionary funding for breast cancer research and programs has increased from about $90 million in 1990 to an estimated $507 million in FY 1996.
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among American women. Although death rates from breast cancer have been declining in recent years, breast cancer accounts for 31 percent of all cancers among women. Epidemiologic studies estimate that breast cancer will be diagnosed in 1.5 million American women in this decade, and that breast cancer will claim nearly half a million lives.
Death rates from the disease are highest among women aged 40 or older and black women as compared to white women for those aged less than 70 years. With proper screening and treatment, however, the chances of surviving breast cancer are improving. For women age
5069, regular mammograms can reduce the chance of death from breast cancer by one third or more. Despite these numbers, nearly half of women age 50 and older have not had a mammogram in the past two years.
CDC's National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program
Comprehensive Program AWARDED
States and Territories FY 96
Alabama $ 750,000
Alaska $ 1,751,104
Arizona $ 1,100,648
Arkansas $ 1,622,203
California $ 5,950,425
Colorado $ 2,131,985
Connecticut $ 1,400,000
Delaware $ 566,515
Florida $ 2,000,000
Georgia $ 2,516,273
Hawaii $ 750,000
Idaho $ 750,000
Illinois $ 3,050,000
Indiana $ 1,087,484
Iowa $ 1,700,000
Kansas $ 1,500,000
Kentucky $ 1,079,907
Louisiana $ 750,000
Maine $ 1,564,561
Maryland $ 3,705,108
Massachusetts $ 2,597,000
Michigan $ 4,908,000
Minnesota $ 1,488,245
Mississippi $ 750,000
Missouri $ 2,500,000
Montana $ 1,079,907
Northern Mariana Islands $ 200,000
Nebraska $ 1,000,000
Nevada $ 775,344
New Mexico $ 3,475,000
New Jersey $ 2,000,000
New Hampshire $ 1,000,000
New York $ 4,459,537
North Carolina $ 3,400,000
North Dakota $ 733,456
Ohio $ 4,088,387
Oklahoma $ 1,000,000
Oregon $ 2,250,847
Pennsylvania $ 2,010,000
Republic of Palau $ 227,145
Rhode Island $ 994,064
South Carolina $ 2,500,000
South Dakota $ 750,000
Tennessee $ 750,000
Texas $ 4,153,569
Utah $ 1,150,000
Vermont $ 1,052,889
Virgin Islands $ 721,894
Virginia $ 1,000,000
Washington $ 3,250,082
Washington, D.C. $ 500,000
West Virginia $ 2,881,438
Wisconsin $ 2,722,000
Wyoming $ 750,000
Subtotal States and Territories: $98,845,017
American Indian/Alaska Native Organizations
Arctic Slope Native Association $ 300,000
Cherokee Nation $ 244,626
Cheyenne River Sioux $ 182,310
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians $ 287,225
Hopi Tribe $ 282,429
Indian Community Health Service $ 282,429
Maniilaq Association $ 265,900
Native American Rehabilitation
Association of the Northwest $ 152,714
The Navajo Nation,
Division of Health $ 282,428
Pleasant Point Passamaquoddy $ 175,472
Poarch Band of Creek Indians $ 81,481
South Puget Intertribal
Planning Agency $ 283,690
Southcentral Foundation $ 412,430
Subtotal AI/AN Organizations: $ 3,233,134
TOTAL AWARDS: $102,078,151
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
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