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MMWR Reports & Recommendations
Increasing Physical Activity: A Report on Recommendations from the Task Force on Community Preventive Services
The Task Force recommendations include: two informational approaches (i.e., community-wide campaigns and point-of-decision prompts to encourage use of stairs); three behavioral and social approaches (i.e., school-based physical education, social support interventions in community settings and individually adapted health behavior change programs); and one intervention to increase physical activity by using environmental and policy approaches.
Contact: Brad Meyers
Synopsis for October 26, 2001
Update: Investigation of Anthrax Associated With Intentional Exposure and Interim Public Health Guidelines — October 2001
Summary not available.
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Skin or Soft Tissue Infections in a State Prison — Mississippi, 2000
Disease caused by drug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus may be an emerging problem in prison settings.
Staph has become increasingly resistant to antibiotics most often used for treatment (i.e., drug-resistant staph or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus [MRSA]). Previously, most infections caused by drug-resistant staph have been limited to healthcare facilities. This outbreak shows that, in addition to healthcare settings such as hospitals and long-term care facilities, drug-resistant staph infections also may become a problem in correctional facilities. Contact with lesions of infected inmates or contaminated items may have increased spread of disease in this outbreak. Preventive strategies in correctional facilities are urged, including good hygiene practices for all inmates, rapid diagnosis of skin disease, and effective treatment of skin infections caused by drug-resistant staph, including antibiotics and wound care.
Shigella sonnei Outbreak Among Men Who Have Sex With Men — San Francisco, California, 2000–2001
Sexual transmission of shigellosis is preventable.
Shigella infections increased dramatically among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Summer of 2000 in San Francisco. It is a bacteria that causes bloody diarrhea, is very infectious, and easily spread by small amounts of fecal contamination. Usually these infections occur in young children and women and are associated with poor hygienic conditions in childcare settings. This outbreak was caused by sex involving the anus. Some sexual routes for transmission are oral-anal contact (rimming), and inadvertent exposure of the mouth through stool on fingers, penises, condoms, and sex toys. The infection is treatable by antibiotics, which minimizes the risk of transmission to others.
Weekly Update: West Nile Virus Activity — United States, October 17–23, 2001
The report summarizes surveillance data for West Nile Virus (WNV) activities in the United States. The report includes information on human cases and deaths, infected birds and other animals, and WNV-positive mosquito pools.
This page last reviewed Friday, October
for Disease Control and Prevention