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MMWR – Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

1. Cigarette Use Among High School Students — United States, 1991–2009

CDC Division of News and Electronic Media
Phone: (404) 639-3286

This report reaffirms the urgent need to return teen smoking trends to a more rapid rate of decline as was seen from the late 1990s through 2003. Analyses of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) found that the prevalence of current cigarette use among high school students in grades 9-12 began to decline after a peak in the late 1990s, but the rate of decline slowed during 2003–2009. Because of this slower rate of decline, the U.S. has not met its national 2010 health objective of reducing cigarette use among high school students to 16 percent or less. Effective strategies to increase the rate of decline in cigarette use among high school students include expanded counter-advertising mass media campaigns; reductions in tobacco advertising, promotions, and availability of tobacco products; tobacco-free environments; programs that promote changes in social norms; and higher prices for tobacco products through increases in excise taxes.

2. Progress Toward Poliomyelitis Eradication — Nigeria, January 2009–June 2010

CDC Division of News and Electronic Media
Phone: (404) 639-3286

There have been substantial reductions of wild poliovirus (WPV) cases in Nigeria during January–June 2010 compared with the same period in 2009. Nigeria has maintained a high incidence of wild poliovirus (WPV) cases due to persistently high proportions of under- and unimmunized children, and, for many years, the country has served as the reservoir for substantial international spread. In 2008, Nigeria reported 798 polio cases, the highest number of any country in the world. Reported WPV cases in Nigeria decreased to 388 during 2009, and WPV incidence in Nigeria reached an all-time low during January–June 2010, with only three reported cases. During 2009–2010, increased engagement of traditional, religious, and political leaders has improved community acceptance of vaccination and implementation of high quality supplementary immunization activities (SIAs). Enhanced surveillance for polioviruses, further strengthened implementation of SIAs, and immediate immunization responses to newly identified WPV and cVDPV2 cases will be pivotal in interrupting WPV and cVDPV2 transmission in Nigeria.

3. CDC Vital Signs: Colorectal Cancer Screening Among Adults Aged 50–75 Years — United States, 2008

CDC Division of News and Electronic Media
Phone: (404) 639-3286

Report previously released.

4. CDC Vital Signs: Breast Cancer Screening Among Women Aged 50–74 Years — United States, 2008

CDC Division of News and Electronic Media
Phone: (404) 639-3286

Report previously released.

 

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