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Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

Multistate Outbreaks of Salmonella Infections Associated with Live Poultry – United States, 2007

PRESS CONTACT: CDC
Division of Media Relations
(404) 639-3286

Live poultry are a source of human Salmonella infections and persons should wash their hands with soap and warm water after handling live poultry or anything that has been in contact with them. Children younger than five years of age should not be allowed to handle baby chicks or other baby birds. Salmonellosis is a serious illness that can be transmitted to people through contact with live poultry, including baby chicks and ducklings. These birds are typically purchased directly from mail order hatcheries or through feed stores. This report documents two distinct outbreaks of salmonellosis likely caused by exposure to live poultry purchased by mail order or from agricultural feed stores. In one outbreak, with 70 percent of infections occurred in children and many of the implicated birds were baby chicks purchased as pets during the Easter holiday season. In contrast, in the other outbreak, 60 percent of the infections occurred in adults, several involved contact with older birds, and most occurred later in the calendar year.

State-Specific Smoking-Attributable Mortality and Years of Potential Life Lost – United States, 2000-2004

PRESS CONTACT: Terry Pechacek
Associate Director for Science, Office on Smoking and Health
(770) 488-5493

Nationwide the annual rate of smoking-attributable deaths per 100,000 people declined by approximately 25 deaths from the period 1996–1999 (288 per 100,000) to the period of 2000–2004 (263 per 100,000). Fully implementing effective state comprehensive tobacco-control programs, as recommended by CDC, can further reduce smoking prevalence and thus more rapidly increase the decline in deaths caused by cigarette smoking in all states. During 2000–2004, the rate of deaths per 100,000 people caused by cigarette smoking varied substantially across the 50 states and DC, from a high of 370 in Kentucky down to 138 in Utah. These most recent smoking-attributable mortality estimates indicate that cigarette smoking continues to impose a substantial health burden on U.S. adults in all states and particularly in those states with a history of higher smoking rates. This report shows that all states except one had decreased smoking-attributable mortality rates overall and among men from 1996–1999 to 2000–2004, reflecting the overall decrease in smoking in the United States. However, among women, declines were observed in only 32 states due to the later pattern of decline in smoking among women.

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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

  • Historical Document: January 22, 2009
  • Content source: Office of Enterprise Communication
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