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MMWR
Synopsis for October 12, 2001

The MMWR is embargoed until 4 p.m. ET, Thursdays.

  1. Cigarette Smoking Among Adults — United States, 1999
  2. Potential Risk for Lead Exposure in Dental Offices
  3. Acute Flaccid Paralysis Associated with Circulating Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus — Philippines, 2001
  4. Ongoing Investigation of Anthrax — Florida, October 2001
  5. Weekly Update: West Nile Virus Activity — United States, October 3–9, 2001

MMWR Surveillance Summaries
October 12, 2001/Vol. 50/No. 3

Surveillance for Homicide Among Intimate Partners — United States, 1981–1998

This report is the first state-by-state analysis of intimate partner homicide. Southern and Western states have the highest rates of intimate partner homicide among women. The risk of intimate partner homicide increases with the size of the community. Rates for intimate partner homicide decreased steadily from 1981-1998, for an overall reduction of 47.2%. The report gives national intimate partner homicide rates for all four racial groups, including for the first time Asians and African Americans.

Contact: Office of Communications
CDC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
(770) 488–4298


Synopsis for October 12, 2001

Cigarette Smoking Among Adults — United States, 1999


 
PRESS CONTACT:
Marcella Law

CDC, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention
& Health Promotion
(770) 488–5468
 

Summary not available.

 

 

 

 

Potential Risk for Lead Exposure in Dental Offices

Lead-lined boxes used to store intraoral dental film and film stored in them create an avoidable potential exposure risk for lead and should be disposed of immediately.

 
PRESS CONTACT:
Marc Weisskopf, Ph.D.

Harvard School of Public Health
(617) 432–3276
 

A potential risk for lead exposure exists in some dental offices. In the past, the need to protect intraoral dental film from scatter radiation led to the use of lead-lined film storage boxes in dental offices. These boxes and the film in them were found to contain lead powder. Forty-three of 240 (18%) dental offices with radiograph equipment visited in Wisconsin between January and March, 2001 used these lead-lined boxes. The lead powder could be transferred to patients undergoing dental radiograph procedures via the hygienist's fingers and the film itself. Because advances in dental radiograph technology have reduced scatter radiation, lead-lined radiograph storage boxes are no longer necessary. Dental offices still using these boxes should dispose of them, and any film in them, immediately.

 

Acute Flaccid Paralysis Associated with Circulating Vaccine-Derived Poliovirus — Philippines, 2001

Three cases of poliomyelitis associated with a vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) have been confirmed in the Philippines.

 
PRESS CONTACT:
Roland Sutter, M.D., M.P.H. & T.M.

CDC, National Immunization Program
(404) 639–8252
 

Since March 2001, three cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) associated with a type-1 vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) have been confirmed in the Philippines: an eight-year old boy from Northern Mindanao, a three-year old boy in Laguna province, and the most recent case (with July onset), a 14-month old boy from Cavite province. These viruses were detected through the enhanced global surveillance for VDPV established following a VDPV polio outbreak in Haiti and the Dominican Republic (Hispaniola) in late 2000. The World Health Organization is working with the Department of Health, Philippines, to coordinate a detailed field investigation into this polio outbreak, including enhanced case finding, expanded specimen collection, and rapid laboratory analyses. The results of the investigation will determine the scope of immunization response activities. Circulating VDPV are rare and likely caused by low immunization coverage.

 

Ongoing Investigation of Anthrax — Florida, October 2001

The investigation into a case of anthrax in Florida is on-going.

 
PRESS CONTACT:
Division of Media Relations

CDC, Office of Communication
(404) 639–3286
 

On October 4, 2001, the Palm Beach County Health Department, Florida State Department of health, and CDC reported a case of anthrax in a 63-year-old resident in Florida. An environmental investigation identified one sample take from the individual’s workplace as positive for anthrax. Testing of additional samples is in-progress. Bacillus anthracist/t was identified in one nasal sample from another worker in the building, which suggests exposure. The county health department is notifying persons who might have been in the building for at least 1 hour since August 1, to offer prophylactic antibiotic treatment. Additional information about anthrax is available from local and state health departments and from CDC at www.bt.cdc.gov.

 

Weekly Update: West Nile Virus Activity — United States, October 3-9, 2001

 
PRESS CONTACT:
Division of Media Relations

CDC, Office of Communication
(404) 639–3286
 

The report summarizes surveillance data for West Nile Virus (WNV) activities in the United States. The report includes information on human cases and deaths, infected birds and other animals, and WNV-positive mosquito pools.


 


 

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