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Our Nation’s Health by the Numbers: 2013

Publishing Date: December 23, 2013

 

As the year comes to a close, America’s health protection agency, CDC, looks back at our nation’s health by the numbers. With dramatic breakthroughs in science and technology, 2013 has been a successful year in public health.

CDC works 24/7 saving lives and protecting people from health threats. CDC researchers, scientists, doctors, nurses, economists, communicators, educators, technologists, epidemiologists and many other professionals all contribute their expertise to improving public health. Whether diseases start at home or abroad, are chronic or acute, curable or preventable, human error or deliberate attack, CDC increases the health security of our nation.

Here's a look at 2013 by the numbers:

 Spokesperson

Tom Frieden, MD, MPH

Biography

Thomas R. Frieden, MD, MPH

Quote 1

While our biggest successes may be the bad things that did not happen, careful assessment of what we did well – and what we might do better – is essential for continued success.

Tom Frieden, MD, MPH - Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Quote 2

Investment in world-class technology is a wise investment in U.S. health security. American lives, and America's economic stability depend on CDC quickly detecting and fighting superbugs.

Tom Frieden, MD, MPH - Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Quote 3

There may be a misconception that infectious diseases are over in the industrialized world. But in fact, infectious diseases continue to be with us. Global health and protecting our country go hand in hand.

Tom Frieden, MD, MPH - Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Quote 4

With patterns of global travel and trade, disease can spread nearly anywhere within 24 hours. That's why the ability to detect, stop, and prevent these diseases must be developed and strengthened overseas as well as here in the United States.

Tom Frieden, MD, MPH - Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Infectious Diseases

Bloodstream Infections

Following CDC Protocols Cuts Dialysis Bloodstream Infections in Half

CDC provides tools to help all U.S. dialysis facilities reduce potentially deadly infections

Eight cause eighty percent

Infographic: "8 cause 80%"
Entire Infographic

CDC prevention guidelines released in 2013 resulted in a 32 percent decrease in overall bloodstream infections and a 54 percent decrease in vascular access-related bloodstream infections.

Quote

Dialysis patients often have multiple health concerns, and the last thing they need is a bloodstream infection from dialysis. These infections are preventable. CDC has simple tools that dialysis facilities can use to help ensure patients have access to the safe healthcare they deserve.

Tom Frieden, MD, MPH - Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Hepatitis C

Study suggests only half of Americans with hepatitis C receive complete testing for the virus

CDC reinforces need for appropriate follow-up testing for current infection

Baby Boomers are 5 times more likely to be infected by hepatitis C.

Infographic: "Baby Boomers are 5 times more likely to be infected by hepatitis C."

Overall, approximately 3 million Americans are infected with hepatitis C and up to 3 out of 4 do not know they are infected. CDC recommends that everyone in the United States born from 1945 through 1965 be tested for hepatitis C.

Quote

Many people who test positive on an initial hepatitis C test are not receiving the necessary follow-up test to know if their body has cleared the virus or if they are still infected. Complete testing is critical to ensure that those who are infected receive the care and treatment for hepatitis C that they need in order to prevent liver cancer and other serious and potentially deadly health consequences.

Tom Frieden, MD, MPH - Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Food Safety

Infections from some foodborne germs increased, while others remained unchanged in 2012

Campylobacter and Vibrio infections have increased and spread significantly through food

2012 Progress Report on Six Key Pathogens

Infographic: "2012 Progress Report on Six Key Pathogens"
Entire Infographic

Foodborne infections from campylobacter -- which is linked to many foods, including poultry, raw milk and produce – has risen up to 14 percent in 2012 compared to 2006-2008. They were at their highest level since 2000. Vibrio infections associated with eating raw shellfish as a whole were up 43 percent when compared with the rates observed in 2006-2008.

Quote

The U.S. food supply remains one of the safest in the world. However, some foodborne diseases continue to pose a challenge. We have the ability, through investments in emerging technologies, to identify outbreaks even more quickly and implement interventions even faster to protect people from the dangers posed by contaminated food.

Tom Frieden, MD, MPH - Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Flu Vaccine

New Report Highlights Benefits of Flu Vaccine

CDC urges unvaccinated Americans to get a flu vaccine

Infographic: The Benefits of Vaccination

Infographic: "The Benefits of Vaccination"
Entire Infographic

During the 2012-2013 flu season, flu vaccination prevented an estimated 6.6 million influenza-associated illnesses, 3.2 million medically attended illnesses, and 79,000 hospitalizations.

Quote

The estimated number of hospitalizations reinforces what we have always known about flu: that it is highly variable and can be very serious. We could prevent even more illness by increasing use of flu vaccines among people of all ages. The MMWR report estimates if 70% of the population had been vaccinated last season, another 4.4 million flu illnesses, 1.8 million medically attended illnesses, and 30,000 flu hospitalizations could have been prevented.

Tom Frieden, MD, MPH - Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Pneumococcal Vaccine

Update on Effectiveness and Impact of PCV13 use among U.S. Children

PCV13 vaccine is highly effective at preventing invasive pneumococcal disease among children

Photo: Pediactric healthcare provider vaccinates a young man.

Pediactric healthcare provider vaccinates a baby.

Within the first 2 years of use of a new pneumococcal vaccine for children (PCV13), 20,000 cases of severe pneumococcal disease and 2,000 deaths have been prevented, not only among children but also among adults who are protected by vaccinating children.

Quote

The first pneumococcal vaccine for children (PCV7) worked even better than we expected. And early evidence suggests that PCV13 has already prevented tens of thousands of cases of severe pneumococcal disease in just its first two years of use.

Matthew Moore - Epidemiologist, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD)

Malaria

Malaria cases in U.S. reach 40-year high

Increase underscores importance of taking recommended medicines to prevent malaria when traveling

Photo: Closeup of a mosquito.

Photo: Closeup of a mosquito

In 2013, CDC reported that 1,925 malaria cases were reported in the United States, which is the highest number of cases reported since 1971 and represents a 14% increase since 2010.

Quote

Malaria isn’t something many doctors see frequently in the United States thanks to successful malaria elimination efforts in the 1940s. The increase in malaria cases reminds us that Americans remain vulnerable and must be vigilant against diseases like malaria because our world is so interconnected by travel.

Tom Frieden, MD, MPH - Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Non-Communicable Diseases

Tips Campaign

2013 Tips From Former Smokers campaign generates 150,000 calls to quitlines and 2.8 million website visits

Quitline calls spiked dramatically when 2013 ads were running; fell quickly when they were not

Infographic: Impact of 2013 Tips From Former Smokers campaign on Quitline Calls and Web Visits

Infographic: Impact of 2013 Tips From Former Smokers campaign on Quitline Calls and Web Visits
Entire infographic

More than 100,000 Americans quit smoking because of CDC’s Tips From Former Smokers national ad campaign—exceeding the campaign’s original goals of 50,000 successful quits.

Quote

Hard-hitting campaigns like 'Tips From Former Smokers' are great investments in public health. This study shows that we save a year of life for less than $200. That makes it one of the most cost-effective prevention efforts.

Tim McAfee, MD, MPH - Director of the CDC Office on Smoking and Health

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

ADHD Estimates Rise

Continued Increases in ADHD Diagnoses and Treatment with Medication among U.S. Children

Infographic: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and our children

Infographic: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and our children
Entire Infographic

In 2013 CDC researchers reported two million more children in the United States have been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and one million more U.S. children were taking medication for ADHD over an 8 year period (2003-2004 to 2011-2012), according to a new study  led by CDC. Of the children with current ADHD, 69 percent were taking medication for ADHD treatment.

Quote

The number of U.S. households impacted by childhood diagnoses of ADHD is growing. When children diagnosed with ADHD receive proper treatment, they have the best chance of thriving at home, doing well at school, and making and keeping friends. CDC is committed to working with the medical and educational systems to make a difference in these children’s and their family’s lives today and into the future.

Susanna Visser, MS - Epidemiologist, CDC’s National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities

Preventing Prescription Drug Abuse and Overdose

CDC Vital Signs: Prescription Painkiller Overdoses

CDC study shows emergency department visits also on the rise among women

Infographic; Every 3 minutes, a woman goes to the emergency department for prescription painkiller misuse or abuse.

Infographic; Every 3 minutes, a woman goes to the emergency department for prescription painkiller misuse or abuse.

Every three minutes, a woman goes into the emergency department for prescription painkiller misuse or abuse. About 18 women die every day of a prescription painkiller overdose in the United States, more than 6,600 deaths in 2010. Prescription painkiller overdoses are an under-recognized and growing problem for women.

Quote

Prescription painkiller deaths have skyrocketed in women (6,600 in 2010), four times as many as died from cocaine and heroin combined. Stopping this epidemic in women – and men – is everyone’s business. Doctors need to be cautious about prescribing and patients about using these drugs.

Tom Frieden, MD, MPH - Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

School Health Policies and Practices

CDC releases 2012 School Health Policies and Practices Study results

School districts show positive trends

Infographic: The percentage of districts that required schools to prohibit offering junk food in vending machines increased from 4.1% in 2000 to 43.4% in 2012, or any of the key findings in the release.

Infographic; Encouraging trends in nation’s school policies on nutrition, physical education/ physical activity, and tobacco.
Entire Infographic

The percentage of districts that required schools to prohibit offering junk food in vending machines increased from 4.1% in 2000 to 43.4% in 2012.

Quote

Schools play a critical role in the health and well-being of our youth. Good news for students and parents – more students have access to healthy food, better physical fitness activities through initiatives such as ‘Let’s Move,’ and campuses that are completely tobacco free.

Tom Frieden, MD, MPH - Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Extreme Heat

CDC urges everyone: Get ready to stay cool before temperatures soar

Engaging in advanced planning can minimize deaths and dangers of excessive heat exposure

Photo: Young woman opening a bottle of water

Photo: Young woman opening a bottle of water

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is urging people to prepare for extreme heat this summer by staying cool, hydrated, and informed. "No one should die from a heat wave, but every year on average, extreme heat causes 658 deaths in the United States—more than tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, and lightning combined," said Robin Ikeda, MD, MPH, acting director of the National Center for Environmental Health and Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry.

Quote

No one should die from a heat wave, but every year on average, extreme heat causes 658 deaths in the United States—more than tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, and lightning combined. Taking common sense steps in extreme temperatures can prevent heat-related illnesses and deaths.

Robin Ikeda, MD, MPH - Acting director of the National Center for Environmental Health and Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

Environmental Health

Protecting communities from hazardous exposures
Photo: Family washing a dog

A family washing a dog outside.

Eighty-five percent of ATSDR’s recommendations were adopted at sites in FY 2013, directly protecting the health of about 760,000 people.

Quote

We continually work to ensure actions are taken to prevent exposures to chemical and physical hazards in communities across the United States. This means that residents will have safer air to breath, safer water to drink, and reduced contamination in their soil and food sources.

Tina Forrester, PhD - Acting Director, Division of Community Health Investigations

 
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