Malaria Outbreak in Egypt: Recommendations for Travelers
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has received information that there have been 19 locally-acquired P. vivax malaria cases in one village of the Aswan Governorate in Egypt. The first locally-transmitted cases were reported in late May 2014, and the most recent cases were reported the second week of June.
CDC recommends that travelers to the Aswan Governorate in Egypt use mosquito avoidance measures to prevent malaria. These preventive measures include using insect repellant, wearing protective clothing, and sleeping in either an air conditioned or well-screened setting or under an insecticide-treated bed net.
Egypt had eliminated malaria, and until now, the last locally transmitted case was in 1998. The Aswan governorate is along the southern part of the Nile River (see map), and it is believed that the P. vivax malaria came from Sudanese migrants.
The Egyptian Ministry of Health and local government and health authorities have engaged in intensive malaria control activities in the affected village of Aswan Governorate. They have recently completed active surveillance involving screening, and treating if needed, all villagers for malaria. Mosquito control activities have included entomologic surveillance, and environmental management.
This notice will be updated as information becomes available.
See the CDC Malaria website for additional health information about malaria and preventing malaria. For general health information for travelers to all areas of the world, see the CDC Travelers' Health website.
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