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CDC Science Clips: September 3 - September 7, 2012

Vol. 4, Issue: 36, 9/10/12
 

Among numerous articles focusing on HIV this week, Science Clips is featuring two. AC Voetsch and colleagues assess HIV screening in U.S. hospitals and find that while testing has increased overall since 2004, more than half of hospitals have not adopted CDC recommendations. Writing in Pediatrics, S Nesheim et al present a path forward to achieve and sustain elimination of mother-to-child HIV transmission in the US.

Disability, congenital and acquired, is the subject matter of two articles of interest. MM Soe and collaborators note that young adults with spina bifida (myelomeningocele complex) demonstrate high levels of multiple types of unhealthy behaviors that persist into adulthood. In a timely analysis which has received media coverage, EJ Lehman and colleagues from NIOSH find that compared to the general population, neurodegenerative mortality is elevated among retired National Football League players.

Infections transmitted between people and animals-in both directions-continue to be of concern to public health. A group of CDC and non-CDC researchers led by GC Gray demonstrate evidence of the influenza A(H1N1) pandemic virus in healthy "show pigs" within months after the first known human cases. Development of an animal model for Lujo virus, a novel arenavirus thought to be spread from rodents, is reported by BH Bird along with multiple CDC collaborators.

A broad range of global health issues encompassing disease burden, risk factors, interventions, and health system impact, are showcased in this week's Clips. An analysis published in in PLoS One by DR Feikin et al documents causes and incidence of infectious respiratory illness among persons > 5 years old in rural western Kenya, leading the authors to conclude that influenza and pneumococcal vaccination are likely to be beneficial for this population. Also in PLoS One, R Kigozi and a broad collaborative group find that indoor residual spraying of a carbamate insecticide is associated with reduced malaria morbidity in an area of intense transmission in Uganda. Concerning levels of resistance to second-line tuberculosis treatment drugs is one of the key findings of a group led by T Dalton, who also note in Lancet that previous treatment with such drugs is a well-established risk factor for resistance to second-line antimicrobials. Finally, a systematic review overseen by T Hyde on the impact of introduction of new vaccines finds evidence of both health system benefits and capacity and training concerns; the authors also identify pertinent areas for future research.

John Iskander

Editor, Science Clips


  1. Top Ten Articles of the Week
    Selected weekly by a senior CDC scientist from the standard sections listed below.
  2. CDC Authored Publications
    The names of CDC authors are indicated in bold text.
    Articles published in the past 6-8 weeks authored by CDC or ATSDR staff.
  3. Public Health Articles Noted in the Media
    Articles about important public health topics that have been mentioned in the press.

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CDC Science Clips Production Staff
John Iskander, MD MPH, Editor
Rebecca Satterthwaite, MS, Librarian
Gail Bang, MLIS, Librarian
Deidre Thomas, MLS, Librarian
Kathleen Connick, MSLS, Librarian
Joseph Dunlap, Web Developer

____

DISCLAIMER: Articles listed in the CDC Science Clips are selected by the Stephen B. Thacker CDC Library to provide current awareness of the public health literature. An article's inclusion does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the Clips, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.


 
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