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CDC Science Clips: March 19 - March 23, 2012

Vol. 4, Issue: 12, 3/26/12
 
Welcome to Science Clips, CDC's weekly digest!
 
The report consists of four components:

Leading off this week’s featured articles is a study published in JAMA by Yang and colleagues. Using data from NHANES, they found that persons meeting more measures of cardiovascular health had lower mortality, but in the 2005-2010 cohort only about 1% met all seven metrics. A community intervention to promote physical activity, one of the seven factors in the NHANES study, is the focus of a cost-benefit study authored by F. Montes et al, writing in the Journal of Urban Health. Asthma, a disease with considerable public health burden in urban communities, may be amenable to home and community-based interventions, according to a “review of reviews” by M.P. Labre writing with several CDC co-authors in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

New discoveries highlight features in infectious diseases. The first confirmed G8P[4] strain rotavirus infections in the US are reported by G.A. Weinberg et al in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology. A newly identified Cryptosporidium species, identified by X. Ren along with CDC and non-CDC collaborators, has been named after Ernest Edward Tyzzer, a Cryptosporidium research pioneer. Infectious disease studies with important clinical implications include a review of pH1N1 influenza-associated pneumonia by S. Jain et al, who conclude that patients with suspected influenza and pneumonia should be treated early and aggressively. In another clinically relevant study, J. Piesman and A. Hojgaard provide evidence from a mouse model that antibiotic prophylaxis should be given very soon after tick bites for prevention of Lyme disease.

Public health surveillance and laboratory science played key roles in the early identification of a typhoid fever outbreak in Nevada, as described in an article in Clinical Infectious Diseases by A. Loharikar along with CDC and state health department colleagues. Health disparities, as well as environmental and social determinants of health, appear to be factors in the findings by R.J. Singleton et al regarding higher rates of lower respiratory tract infection among American Indians and Alaskan Natives. Other broad factors affecting community health include laws; a recently published Community Guide review authored by R.A. Hahn and collaborators concludes that there is strong evidence that privatizing retail sales of alcohol leads to increased alcohol consumption. 

John Iskander

Editor, Science Clips

 


Science Clips is a service of the Stephen B. Thacker CDC Library and CDC's Office of the Chief Science Officer.


The Science Clips is in the public domain and may be freely forwarded and reproduced without permission. The original sources and the CDC Science Clips should be cited as sources. Articles featured in Science Clips may be in-press or uncorrected proofs.

For assistance in obtaining copies of these articles, contact the library at cdclibrary@cdc.gov or 404-639-1717. Please note that links below to CDC licensed materials are available only through the Intranet and may go through the SFX server. From the SFX window, just click on the full-text link to reach the full-text.

  1. Top Ten Articles of the Week
  2. CDC Authored Publications
    The names of CDC authors are indicated in bold text.
  3. Key Scientific Articles in Featured Topic Areas
  4. Public Health Articles Noted in the Media

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DISCLAIMER: Articles listed in the CDC Science Clips are selected by the Stephen B. Thacker CDC Library to provide current awareness of the public health literature. An article's inclusion does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the Clips, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.


 
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