Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options
CDC Home

WISQARS™ Tutorials: Fatal Injury Mapping

Fatal Injury Mapping

Injury Type Options
Scope of Map
Demographic Subsetting Options
Death Rate Calculation
Cost of Injury Option
Map Detail Options
Submit
Practice Question

 

WISQARS Fatal Injury Mapping allows you to show injury data on a map, which can help illustrate a number of things, such as how certain areas can be impacted by a specific type of injury or where prevention efforts should be focused.

To create a map, you must make decisions about what data you want to show and how you want to narrow or expand it to best suit your needs or the interest of the audience.

 

This image shows all of the Fatal Injury Mapping sections. You are asked to define the following elements, which will be displayed on the finished map: Injury Type Options, Scope of Map, Demographic Subsetting Options, Death Rate Calculation, Cost of Injury Option and Map Detail Option.

On the Fatal Injury Mapping page, you will be asked to define the following elements, which will be displayed on the finished map.

Each of these elements and the process for defining them is explained in detail below.


Injury Type Options

In the Injury Type Options section you will make three selections that pertain to the type of injury you wish to map. In each case, you will make your selection by clicking on the arrow to the right of each box and highlighting your choice. If you do nothing, the map will display the default selection which is shown in the box.

This is an image of the Injury Type Options section. In this section, you must choose a subcategory of one of the following categories: All Injury/TBI, Intent of Injury and Mechanism of Injury.

  1. In the first box, you may choose whether the map should include all injury deaths or only those deaths associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

  2. Image: Injury Type Options subcategory, All Injury/TBI. In this subcategory, you must select one of the following options: All Injury or Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) only (All Injury is the default option).


  3. In the second box, you may indicate the intent (manner) of injury deaths you want your map to include. Your options include unintentional, undetermined (the intent could not be determined) or intentional, meaning that the injury was the result of an action that was meant to hurt someone or oneself. Intentional injuries include suicides, homicides and legal interventions (injuries inflicted by police, soldiers, or government agents).

  4. Image: Injury Type Options subcategory, Intent of Injury. In this subcategory, you must select one of the following options: All Intents, Unintentional, Violence-related, Homicide and Legal Intervention, Homicide, Legal Intervention, Suicide and Undetermined Intent (All Intents is the default option).


  5. The third box allows you to select the mechanism or process that delivered the fatal injury. There is a long list of options in this box, and therefore you may have to scroll down to view all of your choices.

    Image: Injury Type Options subcategory, Mechanism of Injury. In this subcategory, you must select one of the following options.

Scope of Map

In the Scope of Map section you will select the geographic area as well as the time frame you wish to map.

This is an image of the Scope of Map section. In this section, you must choose a subcategory of one of the following categories: Census Region/State, Years of Report.


  1. First select the region or state. For our example we have selected 'West.'

    Image: Scope of Map subcategory, Census Region/State. In this subcategory, you must select the state.


  2. Next, select the Years of Report. We chose the default range of 2004-2010.

    Image: Scope of Map subcategory, Years of Report. In this subcategory, you must select the year.

Demographic Subsetting Options

Under the Demographic Subsetting Options you can narrow the map to show information about a specific group of people.

This is an image of the Demographic Subsetting Options section. In this section, you must choose a subcategory of one of the following categories: Race, Hispanic Origin, Sex, All Ages, Age Groups, Custom Age Range.

  1. Race

    You can choose from among six different racial categories. We have chosen American Indian/ Alaska Native (AI/AN).

    Image: Demographic Subsetting Options subcategory, Race. In this subcategory, you must select one of the following options: All Races, White, Black, American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian/Pacific Islander, Other (AI/AN and Asian/PI).


  2. Hispanic Origin

    Here you can narrow your map to include only people of Hispanic origin, to exclude people of Hispanic origin or to include people of all ethnicities. Hispanic category include people of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central and South American or other unknown Spanish origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. We will choose All Ethnicities.

    Image: Demographic Subsetting Options subcategory, Hispanic Origin. In this subcategory, you must select one of the following options: All Ethnicities, Non-Hispanic, Hispanic.

  3. Sex

    You can further narrow your map to track injury victims of only one sex. We will track injuries for both males and females.

    Image: Demographic Subsetting Options subcategory, Sex. In this subcategory, you must select one of the following options: Both Sexes, Males only, Females only.

  4. Age

    You can track injuries to people of all ages.

    You can choose from a number of pre-determined age groups or you can customize an age group by selecting Custom Age and choosing a starting and ending age to track with your map.

    We will go with the default setting, which is all ages.

    Image: Demographic Subsetting Options subcategory, Age. In this subcategory, you must select one of the following options: All Ages, Age Groups, Custom Age Range.

Death Rate Calculation

In the Death Rate Calculations area you will choose how the rates are calculated, whether you want your map to show you injury deaths by state or county, and whether or not you want geospatial smoothing for your map. We will change the default to select Age-adjusted Rates, but leave the default settings for County level map and Geospatial smoothing.

This is an image of the Death Rate Calculation Options section. In this section, you must choose a subcategory of one of the following categories: Type of Rate, Map Level, Geospatial smoothing.

Cost of Injury Option

You will not be able to map the cost of injuries here. Cost estimates are now provided exclusively through WISQARS Cost-of-Injury Reports.

This is an image of the Cost of Injury Option section.

Map Detail Options

In the Map Detail Options section you will be able to determine how your map will look.

This is an image of the Map Detail Options section. In this section, you must choose a subcategory of one of the following categories: Interval Type, Number of Intervals, Color Scheme.

  1. There is only one selection to be made under Interval Type. Below that, you can choose how many intervals you want your map to show. We will choose 8.

    Image: Map Detail Options subcategory, Number of Intervals. In this subcategory, you must select one of the following options: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9.


  2. And finally, you can select the color scheme for you map. We will choose Blue-Yellow-Red (DIV).

    Image: Map Detail Options subcategory, Color Scheme. In this subcategory, you must select one of the following options: Yellow-Orange-Brown (Seq), Yellow-Green-Blue (Seq), Orange (Mono), Blue (Mono), Blue-Yellow-Red (Div), Blue-Red (Div).

Submit

When you have made all your selections, click Submit/Generate Map

This is an image of the Submit / Generate a New Map button.

The map generated with the options selected as described above will look like this:

This is an image of the a map generated with the options selected as described above.



Note the Action Notes to the right side of the map. If you want to see the injuries mapped by county you can click on the state. For this example, clicking on the state of Arizona results in the following map of counties. If you want to change your map, you can scroll to the top of the page, make different selections and click Submit again.

This is an image of the map generated if you click a state.


Note: Some browsers may not display all features such as hover. To get all available information, you may export and download data.

Below the Action Notes you will find the Export/Printing Options through which you may save the map image, export the data or open a printable view of your map.

Practice Questions

Now that you have familiarized yourself with the Fatal Injury Mapping module of the WISQARS tutorial, put your knowledge to the test by generating a report with the following objective:

Question 1: Among American Indian/Alaska Native males for the years 2004-2006, what is the annualized age-adjusted rate of overall motor vehicle deaths?

Your query should have produced the result of an annualized, age-adjusted rate of 32.66.

Follow-up: What is the American Indian/Alaska Native male annualized age-adjusted rate of overall motor vehicle deaths for the years 2006-2008? Is the rate trending up or down?

The query for 2006-2008 should have produced the result of 28.65, so the rate is trending down.

Question 2: Among the American Indian/Alaska Native population, all ages, male and female, for the years 2008-2010, what is the annualized age-adjusted rate for traumatic brain injury (TBI)?

Your query should have produced the result of 16.32.



RETURN TO TOP OF FATAL INJURY MAPPING TUTORIAL

 

 
Contact Us:
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC)
    4770 Buford Hwy, NE
    MS F-63
    Atlanta, GA 30341-3717
  • 800-CDC-INFO
    (800-232-4636)
    TTY: (888) 232-6348
  • Contact CDC–INFO
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Road Atlanta, GA 30329-4027, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO
A-Z Index
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. L
  13. M
  14. N
  15. O
  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z
  27. #