U.S. Outbreaks Associated with Drug Diversion by Healthcare Providers, 1983-2013
These outbreaks revealed gaps in prevention, detection, or response to drug diversion in U.S. healthcare facilities. Healthcare facilities should have strong narcotics security measures and active monitoring systems to prevent and detect diversion activities. Appropriate response by healthcare facilities includes assessment of harm to patients, consultation with public health officials when tampering with injectable medication is suspected, and prompt reporting to law and other enforcement agencies.
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- Ramer, H. Hepatitis C tests continue after medical tech David Kwiatkowski’s arrest. HuffingtonPost. December 22, 2012.
- Minnesota Department of Health, Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Prevention and Control Division. Outbreak of gram-negative bacteremia at St. Cloud Hospital. Investigation Summary, Minnesota Department of Health, 2011 [PDF -658 KB]. Sept 14, 2012.
- New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Public Health Services. State of New Hampshire hepatitis C outbreak investigation Exeter Hospital public report [PDF - 3.94 MB]. June 2013.
- Kansas Department of Health and Environment. 2012 News Release. State health officials provide update in the case of potential hepatitis C exposures at Hays Medical Center. August 2012.
- Walker AK. 1,750 had possible contact with technician with hepatitis C. Baltimore Sun. August 12, 2012.