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Monitoring Frameworks

The Purpose of This Tool

The monitoring framework tool is set up to help build a nations ability to monitor and evaluate the success of interventions to improve iodine, iron and vitamin A nutrition.

What are the Monitoring Frameworks?

This tool provides guidelines for monitoring the process and evaluating any change in biological/functional status of the population.

Background and Purpose

One of the most important components of any program to improve micronutrient nutrition is the establishment of an effective monitoring system to evaluate the function and impact of interventions, which are implemented. Monitoring systems provide feedback on

  • Geographic areas or population groups covered by the intervention
  • The function of the intervention
    (e.g., Product quality, distribution of the product, and the acceptability of the product to the target population).
  • The impact of the intervention
    (e.g., Changes in biological or functional indicators as a result of the intervention).
  • The safety of the intervention
    (e.g., Ensuring that the intake of a micronutrient resulting from the intervention is within the desired range).
  • Where modifications to the intervention or other related program components may be necessary

Micronutrient malnutrition help national programs decide

  • What information to collect
  • Who to collect the information from
  • How to collect the information
  • Who should collect the information
  • When and how often to collect information

Progress and Future Plans

These frameworks have been used as part of the WHO-EMRO/CDC training in surveys and monitoring, which was conducted for countries in the WHO-EMRO Eastern Mediterranean Region. The frameworks also form the basis for the Monitoring and Evaluation phase of the IMMPaCt CD-Rom "Micronutrient Action Plan—instructional tool (MAPit)."

These frameworks were developed using information from various sources that include

Monitoring Vitamin A Programs MI1998. Edited by J. Cervinskas & R. Houston Indicators for assessing Vitamin A Deficiency and their application in monitoring and evaluating intervention programmes. Document WHO/NUT/96.10.
whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/1996/WHO_NUT_96.10.pdf [PDF–2.6M]

Monitoring Universal Salt Iodization Programmes UNICEF, PAMM, MI, ICCIDD, WHO1995. Edited by K. Sullivan, R. Houston, J. Gorstein, J. Cervinskas. Iron Deficiency Anaemia. Assessment, Prevention, and Control. A Guide for Programme Managers. WHO, UNICEF, UNU 2001

Assessment of Iodine Deficiency Disorders and Monitoring their Elimination. A Guide for Programme Managers. Second Edition. 2001
www.who.int/reproductive-health/docs/iodine_deficiency.pdf [PDF–580K]

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