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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Archival Content: 1999-2005

HIV Prevention Among Drug Users:
A Resource Book for Community Planners & Program Managers


Part 1: Drug Use and Its Effects

Drug use is a complex health and social problem that affects all segments of American society. How to respond to this problem continues to be at the center of national and local debates. Further complicating the issue is the rapid rise in HIV infection reported over the past decade among drug users and their sex partners and children. In addition to understanding drug use and its effects, those involved in planning and developing HIV prevention programs must be familiar with the nature and extent of local drug use patterns and trends, and must also be sensitive to community attitudes and opinions that can influence the design and implementation of HIV interventions for the population.

PART 1 of the HPDU Resource Book focuses on basic information about drug use and its effects. Given the importance of drug use in the transmission of HIV, this information is intended to make it easier to prioritize, develop, implement, and support realistic and targeted HIV prevention programs.

Specifically, PART 1 will help HIV prevention planners and program managers increase their knowledge of:

  • major categories of drugs and their effects
  • various patterns of drug use
  • the definition and characteristics of drug use, abuse, and dependence
  • key components of the drug treatment system
  • sources of national and local data on drug use
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