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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Archival Content: 1999-2005

A Comprehensive Approach:
Preventing Blood-Borne Infections Among Injection Drug Users

Chapter1, Section 3: Conclusion

Today, a major force behind the epidemic of HIV and other blood-borne illnesses is infections among IDUs, their sex partners, and their children. IDUs engage in a number of drug-use and sexual practices that significantly increase their risk of contracting HIV and hepatitis and of passing them on to others. The next chapter of this document further describes the problem facing programs and professionals as they address the complex prevention needs of IDUs: the environment of stigma and bias-the "junkiephobia"-in which many IDUs live and the policy, legal, and service provision climate that has emerged from these attitudes.

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