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U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Archival Content: 1999-2005

A Comprehensive Approach:
Preventing Blood-Borne Infections Among Injection Drug Users


Preventing Blood-borne Infections Among Injection Drug Users: A Comprehensive Approach reflects the efforts of many health departments, community-based organizations, researchers, and providers who work with injection drug users (IDUs). Pulling together the many threads that make up this technical assistance document was a complex undert a king, and we wish to acknowledge the valuable help we received from a wide variety of people.

First, we thank the following individuals and their staffs from the eight state and one city health departments, who assisted us in collecting info rmation on the availability of various services and interventions for IDUs and assessing technical assistance needs and priorities. Their insights and experience helped us refine the elements of the comprehensive approach and develop the conceptual framework for the document.

  • Melissa Beaupierre, Florida Department of Health
  • Casey Blass, Texas Department of Health
  • Carol Christmyer, Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
  • Brenda Crowder- Gaines, North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services
  • John Egan, New York City Department of Health
  • Maria Favuzzi, New York City Department of Health
  • Chet Kelly, Illinois Department of Health
  • Harold Rasmussen, California Department of Health
  • Mark Schrader, Georgia Department of Health
  • Candace Vonderwahl, Colorado Department of Health

We also would like to recognize the staff and clients of the programs featured in Chapter 3. Thank you for sharing your experiences and expertise with us. Your stories have done much to bring the comprehensive approach to life.

  • Brooklyn Treatment Court
  • Community AIDS Resources and Education (C.A.R.E.)
  • Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America
  • Join Together
  • Health Bridge
  • HIV/AIDS, TB and Infectious Diseases Cross- Training: The Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Connection
  • New York Harm Reduction Educators, Inc. (NYHRE)
  • Partners in Community Health Project
  • River Region Human Services AIDS Outreach Program
  • Taking It to the Streets
  • The ARRIVE Program of Exponents, Inc.
  • The Miami Coalition
  • The Statewide Partnership for HIV Education in Recovery Environments (SPHERE)
  • Well-Being Institute
  • Women and Infants Demonstration Projects

Many experts took time to review sections of the document and supporting materials. Their thoughtful comments and advice improved the document immeasurably.

  • Marcia Andersen, Well-Being Institute
  • Terje Anderson, National Association of People with AIDS
  • Brad Austin, Center for Substance Abuse Treatment
  • Larry Brown, Addiction Research and Treatment Corporation
  • Scott Burris, Temple University School of Law
  • Alan Clear, Harm Reduction Coalition
  • Susan Coyle, National Institute on Drug Abuse
  • Pam DeCarlo, Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California at San Francisco
  • Glen Fischer, Management Assistance Corporation
  • Samuel R. Friedman, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc. Donna Gold, Health Systems Research
  • Theodore Hammett, Abt Associates, Inc.
  • Zita Lazzarini, University of Connecticut
  • Katherine Marconi, Health Resources and Services Administration
  • David Metzger, University of Pennsylvania/VA Medical Center
  • Alan Neaigus, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc.
  • Denise Paone, Chemical Dependency Institute, Beth Israel Medical Center
  • Tim Purrington, Tapestry Health Systems
  • Joyce Rivera, St. Anne's Corner of Harm Reduction
  • Terry Ruefli, New York Harm Reduction Educators, Inc.
  • Susan Rusche, National Families in Action
  • Anne Spaulding, Rhode Island Department of Corrections
  • Marie Sutton, Georgia Department of Health Resources
  • Peter Whiticar, Hawaii Department of Health

We are particularly indebted to the advice and suggestions of the following individuals who reviewed the final draft of the entire document:

  • Jack Stein, National Institute on Drug Abuse
  • Beth Weinstein, Connecticut Department of Public Health
  • Linda Wright-De AgŁero, CDC

Finally, we wish to acknowledge the efforts of those who developed and wrote the document. From CDC: T. Stephen Jones, Abu Abdul-Quader, John E. Anderson, Beth Dillon, Kellie Lartigue, John Miles, Kevin O'Connor, Ted Pestorius, David Purcell, Michael St. Louis, Jennifer Taussig, and Richard Wolitski. From AED : Carol Schechter, James Bender, Sharon Novey, Anne Marie O'Keefe, and Susan Rogers. From Macro International: Billy Jones.

Anne Brown Rodgers was the senior writer and editor. Dan Banks and the graphic designers at Fathom Creative, Inc. designed and produced the document.
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