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Table 3. Mean mentally unhealthy days in last 30 by demographic characteristics, chronic disease conditions, and risk factors Adults >= 18 Years, BRFSS 2009

Data and Statistics

The table below presents the mean number of reported mentally unhealthy days in the past 30 days by demographic factors, chronic disease conditions, and risk behaviors using the 2009 BRFSS.

The mentally unhealthy days question is one of four core health-related quality of life measures that have been monitored by states since 1993 using the BRFSS. The question asks “Now thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days during the past 30 days was your mental health not good?


Variable
Category
Number of respondents
Mean Number of Days
95% lower * confidence limit
95% upper * confidence limit
Overall
417,921
3.5
3.4
3.6
Sex
Men
158,935
3.0
2.8
3.1
Women
258,986
4.0
3.9
4.1
Age group
18-24
12,576
3.9
3.7
4.2
25-34
36,140
3.8
3.6
4.0
35-44
58,333
3.7
3.6
3.9
45-54
84,285
3.9
3.8
4.1
55-64
92,163
3.5
3.4
3.7
65-74
71,086
2.2
2.1
2.3
75 or older
59,837
2.1
2.0
2.2
Race-ethnicity
White non-Hispanic
333,713
3.3
3.2
3.4
Black non-Hispanic
32,303
4.1
3.9
4.4
Asian
6,936
2.1
1.8
2.4
Pacific Islander
683
4.3
2.7
5.8
American Indian/Alaskan Native
5,805
5.3
4.7
5.8
Other non-Hispanic
9,038
5.0
4.5
5.5
Hispanic
25,068
3.9
3.7
4.1
Hispanic ethnicity
Yes
25,068
3.9
3.7
4.1
No
390,691
3.4
3.3
3.5
Educational level
< High school
37,700
5.1
4.8
5.3
High school graduate
124,515
3.9
3.8
4.1
Some college
112,386
3.9
3.7
4.0
College graduate
141,922
2.4
2.3
2.5
Annual household income level
<$15,000
39,744
6.8
6.5
7.1
$15,000-$24,999
63,599
5.0
4.8
5.2
$25,000-$34,999
44,047
3.8
3.6
4.0
$35,000-$49,999
56,313
3.3
3.1
3.5
$50,000 or more
159,238
2.4
2.3
2.5
Unknown/Refused
54,980
3.3
3.1
3.5
Employment status
Employed
175,109
2.8
2.7
2.9
Self-employed
35,543
2.8
2.6
3.0
Out of work one year or more
9,734
6.6
6.1
7.0
Out of work less than one year
14,313
5.5
5.1
5.8
Homemaker
31,110
3.5
3.3
3.7
Student
6,468
3.6
3.3
4.0
Retired
116,451
2.2
2.1
2.3
Unable to work
27,438
10.9
10.6
11.3
Marital status
Married
236,667
2.9
2.7
3.0
Divorced
56,869
5.3
5.1
5.5
Widowed
58,230
3.4
3.2
3.5
Separated
8,229
7.5
7.0
8.0
Never married
47,233
4.1
3.9
4.3
Unmarried couple
8,924
5.0
4.6
5.4
Body-mass index category
Underweight
6,302
4.8
4.3
5.4
Normal weight
134,119
3.1
3.0
3.2
Overweight
146,239
3.1
3.0
3.3
Obese
112,585
4.4
4.2
4.6
Cigarette smoking status
Current smoker-every day
49,862
6.6
6.4
6.9
Current smoker-some days
17,899
5.1
4.8
5.5
Former smoker
126,122
3.2
3.1
3.3
Never smoked
221,420
2.8
2.7
2.9
Binge drinking
Yes
43,662
4.1
3.9
4.3
No
362,128
3.4
3.3
3.5
Leisure-time physical activity
Yes
304,753
3.0
2.9
3.1
No
112,705
5.1
5.0
5.3
Has health insurance coverage
Yes
373,574
3.2
3.1
3.3
No
43,369
5.3
5.1
5.6
Self-rated health
Good-excellent
337,391
2.6
2.5
2.7
Fair-poor
78,352
8.1
7.8
8.3
Diabetes mellitus
Yes
49,960
4.7
4.5
4.9
No
367,591
3.4
3.3
3.5
High blood pressure
Yes
161,724
4.2
4.0
4.3
No
255,366
3.2
3.1
3.3


* A confidence interval (CI) describes the level of variability in a sample estimate and specifies the range in which the true value of the population that the sample represents is likely to fall. We use the 95% confidence level, which means that this population value falls within 95% of the confidence intervals estimated from samples of this population. When comparing the prevalence estimates of variables by categories, we recommend the use of confidence intervals. If the 95% confidence intervals of these estimates do NOT overlap, these estimates differ statistically significantly from each other at the 0.05 significance level.

 

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