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Laws by State

CDC examined the number of states with prescription drug misuse, abuse, and overdose prevention laws across seven different categories:

physical exam iconLaws Requiring a Physical Examination before Prescribing

Forms iconLaws Requiring Tamper-Resistant Prescription Forms

Pain clinic iconLaws Regulating Pain Clinics

Drug limits iconLaws Setting Prescription Drug Limits

Doctor shopping laws iconLaws Prohibiting “Doctor Shopping”/Fraud

ID laws iconLaws Requiring Patient Identification before Dispensing

Immunity laws icon Laws Providing Immunity from Prosecution/Mitigation at Sentencing for Individuals Seeking Assistance During an Overdose

 

As of August 31, 2010, among the seven types of laws examined, one state had none of these types of laws, three states had one, fifteen had two, nineteen had three, seven had four, five states had five, and one had six.

Click on a state in the map or list below for more information about that state’s laws.

US Map. Data contained in table below. Connecticut DC DE MA MD NH NJ RI VT ME AK HI NY PA WV VA OH MI IN KY TN NC SC GA FL AL MS WI IL LA AR TX OK NM AZ CA OR WA ID MT NV UT WY CO ND SD NE KS MO IA MN

State

# of Laws

 

State

# of Laws

 

State

# of Laws

Alabama

3

 

Kentucky

4

 

North Dakota

1

Alaska

2

 

Louisiana

5

 

Ohio

3

Arizona

2

 

Maine

4

 

Oklahoma

4

Arkansas

2

 

Maryland

3

 

Oregon

3

California

3

 

Massachusetts

3

 

Pennsylvania

2

Colorado

3

 

Michigan

2

 

Rhode Island

2

Connecticut

4

 

Minnesota

3

 

South Carolina

4

Delaware

4

 

Mississippi

3

 

South Dakota

2

Distict of Columbia

3

 

Missouri

2

 

Tennessee

3

Florida

6

 

Montana

0

 

Texas

5

Georgia

1

 

Nebraska

1  

Utah

2

Hawaii

3

 

Nevada

5

 

Vermont

4

Idaho

3

 

New Hampshire

3

 

Virginia

2

Illinois

3

 

New Jersey

2

 

Washington

2

Indiana

3

 

New Mexico

3

 

West Virginia

5

Iowa

3

 

New York

5

 

Wisconsin

2

Kansas

2

 

North Carolina

3

 

Wyoming

2

Related Pages

Search Strategy
Learn more about the strategy used for this study.

Types of Laws
Learn about the types of laws in this study.

Please note that the effectiveness of these seven types of laws has not been evaluated by CDC. CDC's survey of these laws is intended to provide a picture of the legal and regulatory environment surrounding this important public health problem, not to evaluate or judge the effectiveness of each state's approach to this epidemic.

 
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