Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options
CDC Home

Law: Prescription Limits

What are Prescription Drug Limit Laws?

A law setting prescribing or dispensing limits for controlled substances was included in the resource if it limits:

  • The number of days after a prescription is issued during which a pharmacist is allowed to fill a prescription
  • The quantity prescribed and/or dispensed of a controlled substance for no more than a specified days’ supply (including laws limiting the quantity prescribed and/or dispensed during an emergency period)
  • The number of days’ supply for an individual practitioner prescribing multiple controlled substance medications
  • The quantity or days supplied in refills for a controlled substance medication
  • The number of days that a benefit plan will pay for (e.g., states where Medicaid will not pay for a new prescription until 85% of the days’ supply has elapsed)
  • The quantity or days’ supply of controlled substances prescribed orally (including medications prescribed during an emergency period)
  • The quantity or days’ supply of controlled substances prescribed by health care practitioners other than a physician (physician assistants, nurse practitioners, etc.)

States with Prescription Drug Limit Laws

This map shows the 35 states listed below with prescription drug limit laws. CA NV AZ UT WY CO TX OK MN IA MO AR LA MS AL FL SC NC KY WV WI IL OH PA NY ME CT DC DE MA MD NH NJ RI VT KS

35 States: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Note: All laws enacted as of August 31, 2010.

Prescription Limit Law Features by State

Features

Aspects of Feature

States

Limits to the number of days’ supply

 

 

 

For all prescriptions

NJ, OK, TX

For specific schedules

AL, CA, CO, DE, IA, KY, MA, MS, MO, NV, NH, NY, NC, SC, UT, VT, WV

For specific drugs or class of drugs

DE, KS, KY, NH, NY, WI

For refills

CA, KS, MO, UT

For emergency prescriptions

AL, AZ, CO, CT, DC, FL, KS, LA, MD, MS, NV, NY, NC, PA, SC, TX

For hospital pharmacies

MA

For members of certain benefit plans

AR, CA, CT, DE, FL, IL, ME, MD, MN, MS, NJ, NY, NC, OK, PA, RI, TX, WY

On multiple prescriptions

DC, IA, MS, NJ, TX, UT, VT

For nurse practitioners

KY, NC, PA

For oral prescriptions

AL, DC, FL, MS, NY, SC, TX

Limits based on dosage amounts

 

 

Limits based on schedule

DE, NJ, RI

Limits based on specific drugs or classes of drugs

FL, OH

Oral prescriptions

NY, PA, RI

For specific schedule(s)

NY

Based on a benefit plan or reimbursement

AZ, DE, IA, NJ

 
Contact Us:
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC)
    4770 Buford Hwy, NE
    MS F-63
    Atlanta, GA 30341-3717
  • 800-CDC-INFO
    (800-232-4636)
    TTY: (888) 232-6348
  • Contact CDC–INFO
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO
A-Z Index
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. L
  13. M
  14. N
  15. O
  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z
  27. #