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Cumulative number of states authorizing prescription drug abuse-related laws by type of law, United States, 1970-2010

[ Return to Prescription Drug Overdose: State Laws page ]

Contents of this graph is displayed in the table below.

Doctor Shopping Immunity ID req. Pain Clinic Physical exam req. Rx limit Tamper-resistant forms
1947              
1961              
1965              
1966              
1967              
1968              
1969              
1970              
1971         1    
1972              
1973 2            
1974         2 1  
1975           2  
1976              
1977              
1978 3            
1979         3 3  
1980           4  
1981         4    
1982           5  
1983         5 6  
1984         6 7  
1985           8  
1986         9 9  
1987 4       10 10  
1988     1     11  
1989 5   2        
1990 8   3        
1991 9         12  
1992           15  
1993         11    
1994              
1995 10   4   12 16  
1996     5   14    
1997         15    
1998         16   1
1999         18 17  
2000         21 20  
2001 11       26    
2002 13   8       3
2003         29 22 5
2004     9   31 23 7
2005       1   27  
2006     12   32 30  
2007 15 1 15   35   10
2008 16 2 17   39 31 22
2009   3 18 3 41 33 25
2010   4 19   42   26

Each date used in the chart is the date the specific provision was first effective, and the chart includes laws enacted through August 31, 2010. When a state had multiple provisions within a single type of law, the graph reflects the provision with the earliest effective date. The date used in this chart was the date of enactment of the most current version of the law.  The original enactment date could often not be determined for older laws.  In those cases, the laws were omitted from this figure.

[ Return to Prescription Drug Overdose: State Laws page ]

Please note that the effectiveness of these seven types of laws has not been evaluated by CDC. CDC's survey of these laws is intended to provide a picture of the legal and regulatory environment surrounding this important public health problem, not to evaluate or judge the effectiveness of each state's approach to this epidemic.

 
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