The first PRS efficacy review included studies published between 1988 and 1996
and resulted in the identification of 24 evidence-based interventions.
These interventions were summarized in the
Compendium of HIV Prevention Interventions
with Evidence of Effectiveness
(CDC, 1999) .
This review was updated a few years later to
include studies published up to the year
2000 and resulted in identifying an
additional 8 evidence-based interventions
(Kay et al., 2003) .
As the United States
has entered the third decade of the HIV/AIDS
epidemic, HIV behavioral intervention
research has matured and become more
rigorous. To reflect the scientific
progress in the field, in 2004, the PRS team
strengthened its efficacy criteria for
evaluating individual- and
group-level (ILI/GLI) behavioral interventions (Lyles et al., 2006)
. PRS completed a review of the HIV prevention research literature published between 2000 and 2004 using these revised
efficacy criteria for ILIs/GLIs. This review resulted in the identification of 18 best-evidence and 10 promising-evidence ILIs and GLIs (Lyles et al., 2007).
The efficacy review is an ongoing process to identify evidence-based HIV behavioral interventions as quickly as possible after publication. PRS updates this website periodically to provide timely information to the HIV prevention field. The
2008 update, through May 2008, added an additional 6 best-evidence and 3 promising-evidence interventions for a total of 37 best-evidence and 21 promising-evidence ILIs and GLIs.
In 2008, the PRS team developed specific efficacy criteria for
best-evidence CLIs and
efficacy criteria for promising-evidence CLIs and completed a review of all CLIs published between January, 1988 and May, 2008. This review resulted in the identification of 5 promising-evidence CLIs.
to Efficacy Review