Compiling the Intervention Plan Data
Public reporting burden of this collection of
information is estimated to be 0.83 hours per response, including the time for
reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and
maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of
information. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required
to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a currently valid
OMB control number.
Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this
collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden to
CDC/ATSDR Reports Clearance Officer, 1600 Clifton Road, NE, MS D-24, Atlanta,
Georgia, 30333; ATTN: PRA (0920-0497).
Process monitoring reports reflect basic characteristics of interventions for
specific risk populations that were implemented in the previous year in the
jurisdiction. These data offer a picture of the HIV prevention efforts that
occurred for each risk population. They show the distribution of that effort by
type of intervention and offer insight into the coverage provided during the
CDC requests that health departments provide aggregate data from their
jurisdiction for each of the seven types of interventions4 for each risk
population (defined here as a risk exposure category). The jurisdiction-level
aggregate data requested by CDC for all intervention types includes counts of
- agencies that provided the interventions, by type (e.g.,
minority-owned CBO, local health department)
- clients served, by demographic variables (except
- staff funded with CDC funds
- CDC funds expended
In addition, the following data elements are requested for the specific types
of interventions noted in parentheses:
- the number of clients served by setting (individual-level and
group-level interventions, outreach)
- number of prevention materials distributed, by type of material
- the number of clients receiving only 1, only 2, or 3 or more
sessions (individual-level and group-level interventions, prevention
- number of HC/PI interventions by type of agency providing them
(health communications/public information)
- average number of prevention case management sessions per
client (prevention case management)
- numbers of partners identified, counseled, tested, and found to be
HIV-positive (partner counseling and referral services)
Compiling the Intervention Plan Data
In order to aggregate data for reporting to CDC, each jurisdiction will need
a mechanism to obtain the relevant data from each provider (either a contracted
agency or the health department itself). Once the data are available for each
separate intervention, they can be compiled and aggregated for reporting to CDC.
Each jurisdiction should report the data elements in the manner defined on
the example report form for each type of intervention. These data may be
collected, managed, and analyzed by whichever method is most convenient for the
health department. Reports should ensure that the data are presented in the same
format (e.g., using the same terms, categories, etc.) as that shown in the
The Seven Types of Interventions (Which Data to Report)
Separate aggregate process monitoring reports should be submitted for each
specific risk population by type of intervention that was conducted in the
jurisdiction over the course of one year. The table on the following pages
defines each of these seven types of interventions. Data from numerous
interventions may be included in the same report if all interventions were the
same type and were provided to the same risk population.
For example, one process monitoring report should include all the outreach
that was conducted for MSM throughout the jurisdiction. If the health department
funded or provided 10 outreach interventions for MSM, then the one outreach
process monitoring report should reflect all 10 of those. Another report would
cover all outreach provided to IDUs, and a third would include all outreach that
targeted people with heterosexual risks.
Similarly, a separate process monitoring report would be used to describe the
implementation of all individual-level interventions for MSM, another for health
communications or public information for MSM, and another for prevention case
management for IDU.
||No process monitoring report is required for intervention
types that are not funded for a given population.
|Intervention Types Used in CDC’s Evaluation Data
- Individual-level Interventions (ILI)
|Health education and risk-reduction counseling provided to one
individual at a time. ILIs assist clients in making plans for individual
behavior change and ongoing appraisals of their own behavior and include
skills building activities. These interventions also facilitate linkages
to services in both clinic and community settings (e.g., substance abuse
treatment settings) in support of behaviors and practices that prevent
transmission of HIV, and they help clients make plans to obtain these
Note: According to a strict categorization,
outreach and prevention case management also are individual-level
interventions. However, for the purposes of this reporting, ILI does
not include outreach or prevention case management, which each
constitute their own intervention categories.
- Group-level Interventions (GLI)
|Health education and risk-reduction counseling (see above) that
shifts the delivery of service from the individual to groups of varying
sizes. GLIs use peer and non-peer models involving a wide range of
skills, information, education, and support.
providers may consider general education activities to be group-level
interventions. However, for the purposes of this reporting, GLI does
not include “one-shot” educational presentations or lectures (that
lack a skills component). Those types of activities should be included
in the Health Communication/Public Information category.
|HIV/AIDS educational interventions generally conducted by peer or
paraprofessional educators face-to-face with high-risk individuals in
the clients’ neighborhoods or other areas where clients’ typically
congregate. Outreach usually includes distribution of condoms, bleach,
sexual responsibility kits, and educational materials. Includes peer
opinion leader models.
- Prevention Case Management (PCM)
|Client-centered HIV prevention activity with the fundamental goal of
promoting the adoption of HIV risk-reduction behaviors by clients with
multiple, complex problems and risk-reduction needs; a hybrid of HIV
risk-reduction counseling and traditional case management that provides
intensive, ongoing, and individualized prevention counseling, support,
and service brokerage.
- Partner Counseling and Referral Services (PCRS)
|A systematic approach to notifying sex and needle-sharing partners
of HIV-infected persons of their possible exposure to HIV so they can
avoid infection or, if already infected, can prevent transmission to
others. PCRS helps partners gain earlier access to individualized
counseling, HIV testing, medical evaluation, treatment, and other
- Health Communications/Public Information (HC/PI)
|The delivery of planned HIV/AIDS prevention messages through one or
more channels to target audiences to build general support for safe
behavior, support personal risk-reduction efforts, and/or inform persons
at risk for infection how to obtain specific services.
Media: Means by which information is electronically conveyed to
large groups of people; includes radio, television, public service
announcements, news broadcasts, infomercials, etc., which reach a
large-scale (e.g., city-, region-, or statewide) audience.
Print Media: These formats also reach a large-scale or nationwide
audience; includes any printed material, such as newspapers, magazines,
pamphlets, and “environmental media” such as billboards and
Hotline: Telephone service (local or toll-free) offering
up-to-date information and referral to local services, e.g.,
counseling/testing and support groups.
Clearinghouse: Interactive electronic outreach systems using
telephones, mail, and the Internet/Worldwide Web to provide a responsive
information service to the general public as well as high-risk
Presentations/Lectures: These are information-only activities
conducted in group settings; often called “one-shot” education
- Other Interventions
Category to be used for those interventions funded
with CDC Announcement 99004 funds that cannot be described by the definitions
provided for the other six types of interventions (example forms A - F). This
category includes community-level interventions (CLI).
CLI are interventions that seek to improve the risk conditions and behaviors
in a community through a focus on the community as a whole, rather than by
intervening with individuals or small groups. This is often done by attempting
to alter social norms, policies, or characteristics of the environment. Examples
of CLI include community mobilizations, social marketing campaigns,
community-wide events, policy interventions, and structural interventions.
Data Elements Found on All Forms
||Each data element is preceded by an item number that
corresponds to the numbered section on the example form for each
intervention type. There are a number of common data elements/groups of
elements that are on every form. The same numbering is used consistently
for all these common items. For some forms there are unique data
elements, and the numbers for those will not occur in sequence.
The numbers are not for use in data entry; rather, they identify
sections of the form to assist in following the instructions. A codebook
to aid with data entry is under development, pending finalization of the
The process monitoring data elements requested here reflect the basic
characteristics of each particular intervention type. Therefore, unlike the
intervention plan reports, there is more variability across the seven
intervention types and more data elements unique to each intervention type. The
following elements are common to all intervention types and are described in
more detail below:
||Number of interventions this form describes
||Statewide definitions or guidelines for [type of intervention]
||Number of interventions for this risk population provided by the
following types of agencies
||Clients served with CDC funds
||Number of full-time equivalent staff providing the interventions in
the jurisdiction whose salaries are funded by CDC
Number of volunteers
providing the interventions in the jurisdiction
CDC Announcement 99004 HIV Prevention funds that were expended in
carrying out all aspects of the interventions
The following categories reflect the major sections of the process monitoring
reports for all intervention types. The italicized number and words correspond
to the accompanying form. The material that follows provides additional
explanation or guidance for obtaining and aggregating the requested data.
Item #1 Jurisdiction ID
This field should be completed with the name of the grantee jurisdiction
(state, territory, or directly funded city).
Item #2 Number of interventions this form describes
Report the number of interventions of this type funded by the health
department (including those
implemented by health department staff) for a particular risk population. It
will be assumed that
all other data elements on the form will be based on that number of
Item #3 and #4 Risk Population: Mark the primary risk population this form describes on
the list in the left column. If an intervention serves multiple risk
populations, choose one primary and one secondary risk population.
Each jurisdiction aggregate process form is designed to capture data about
interventions that provided HIV prevention services addressing distinct risk
behaviors. The risk populations used here (with the exception of General
Population) reflect the routes of potential exposure to HIV that correspond
to particular risk behaviors. In this section, the health department notes which
risk population(s) is served by the interventions that the current form is
describing. Operational definitions for these categories are shown in the
|Risk Population Categories Used in CDC’s Evaluation Data System
||Intervention will address the HIV prevention needs of men who report
sexual contact with other men or with both men and women.
||Intervention will address the HIV prevention needs of men who
report both sexual contact with other men and injection drug use.
||Intervention will address the HIV prevention needs of people who are
at risk for HIV infection through the use of equipment to inject drugs (e.g.,
syringes, needles, cookers, spoons, etc.).
||Intervention will address the HIV prevention needs of persons who report
specific heterosexual contact with a person with, or at increased risk for, HIV
infection (e.g., sex with an injection drug user, a bisexual male, or a person
known to be HIV-positive or to have AIDS).
|Mother with/at risk for HIV
||Intervention will address the HIV prevention needs of women who have HIV or
are at risk of becoming infected and who are pregnant and, thus, at risk
of transmitting HIV to their infant.
||Intervention will not be targeted to any specific groups whose behavior puts
them at high risk for HIV infection. These interventions may be aimed at
enhancing awareness of HIV transmission modes and prevention, supporting
prevention-enhancing social norms, and providing information or education.
||Note that the risk for exposure to HIV is the focus of this
item, not other characteristics of the risk population. Some funding streams may
be organized around identity-based populations (e.g., “Hispanic adults” or
However, the behavior that the intervention addresses (e.g., condom
use with a partner of the opposite sex) will identify the primary risks of that
Primary vs. Secondary: CDC recognizes that a single intervention may
have addressed more than one exposure risk. If more than one exposure risk is
addressed, a distinction between the primary and secondary risk populations may
The first way to make this distinction is to consider if one of the
populations is the major focus of the interventions. For example, an
intervention serving female sex partners of male IDUs and focusing on their
sexual behaviors may also provide some needle-related prevention services to
their IDU partners. In this case, heterosexual would be the primary risk
population and IDU would be the secondary because of the differential
emphasis of the intervention.
However, some interventions may address equally two different risk behaviors.
For instance, an intervention may be targeted to women who are at risk because
of their own injection drug use and their sex partners’ drug use. The
content of the intervention may emphasize both drug-related transmission and
heterosexual transmission. In this case, the intervention should be reported
twice – in the two reports appropriate for each population. While this may
slightly inflate the count of unique service units, it will provide a more
accurate picture of the prevention efforts being made for particular risk
populations. This latter concern is viewed as the most important of the two for
For purposes of aggregating and reporting to CDC, use the primary risk
population. For internal purposes, supplemental reports can be generated that
combine primary and secondary populations or otherwise use those data.
There are two particular exceptions to this general rule. First,
interventions serving men with both a history of sexual contact with other men
and injection drug use make up a separate category: MSM/IDU. Second,
interventions targeting the general population should be categorized using that
label, even if people with more specific risks may be reached. Examples of this
include school-based interventions where young MSM or IDUs may be reached or
education/informational interventions for a particular group in which the risk
status of particular audience members may be unknown.
Item #5 Statewide definitions or guidelines for [type of intervention]:
This item is requested to provide a context for understanding the local
parameters for the intervention type described by this report. Some
jurisdictions have explicitly articulated what their expectations are for
providers proposing such interventions (or, in some cases, what will be deemed
eligible for health department funding). Sometimes these definitions or
guidelines have been developed by the community planning group, other times they
are developed by the health department as guidance or as part of the
announcement for funding.
If there is a definition or guideline that the health department uses when
funding or implementing this type of intervention, provide it here. If there is
a document or long definition, a separate form can be submitted. An abridged
version of a longer definition can also be submitted.
Not all jurisdictions will have definitions or guidelines. In this case, this
item should be noted as “No Definition.”
Item #6 Number of interventions for this risk population to be provided by
the following types of agencies (sum should equal total interventions this form
Within the jurisdiction, health departments may have funded many types of
agencies to provide a particular type of intervention for one risk population.
In addition, health department staff may have implemented that type of
intervention. This item will describe the array of service providers who offered
those interventions for a risk population during the previous year. An example,
using “Jurisdiction K,” is provided below. Jurisdiction K provided a total of 10
individual-level interventions for MSM. The example shows how these 10 ILIs are
distributed over various types of providers.
Example: Counting the agencies that provided 10 individual-level
interventions for MSM in the jurisdiction.
Four individual-level interventions for MSM were provided by
several CBOs. One CBO with a minority board provides one of
these interventions, and it is entered on the first line below.
The other three interventions conducted by CBOs are provided by
two different non-minority board organizations. Therefore, a “3”
is entered on the second line below.
The State Health Department provides one of the individual-level
interventions. On the appropriate line, a “1” is entered.
|Number of ILIs for this risk population provided by the following
types of agencies (sum should equal total interventions this form
|CBO - Minority Board
||State Health Department
|CBO - Non-Minority Board
||Local Health Department
||Research Center Individual
The state also funds three local health departments to provide
MSM individual-level interventions. One of the local health
departments delivers two of these, and the other two local
health departments provide one each, for a total of 4
interventions on the “local health department” line above.
A school of public health at a university in the jurisdiction
provides the remaining individual-level intervention, and it is
entered in the appropriate line above.
The category research center is used here to describe a stand-alone
research facility, a facility so designated within a university or other
academic institution, or a for-profit research organization. A research center
within a health department should identify itself as a health department
(either state, county, or city) rather than as a research center.
Item #7 Clients served with CDC funds
These fields are for noting the numbers of clients who were served during the
previous year. The required column and row totals are found at far right of the
table. However, if data are available for the crosstabs (age by sex by
race/ethnicity) and the jurisdiction chooses to report these, then the last
group of cells titled “age data not available” should be left blank. Instead,
the first three groups of cells should be completed, entering the number of
clients who were served with this type of intervention in each of the following
age bracket X sex X race categories. Per guidelines from the Office of
Management and Budget (OMB), Hispanic ethnicity is requested separately from
other racial and ethnic categories. Regardless of the extent of data available,
the column and row totals should be completed, and the sum of the row totals
should equal the total number of clients served with this intervention.
For PCRS, the data requested are the number of HIV-infected clients who were
index cases for which PCRS was provided. A person who is identified as an
exposed partner through this process may become an index case (and thus counted
in this total) if he or she were found to be HIV-infected and received PCRS.
Data about partners’ characteristics and services received by
them are covered in Item #18 below.
Age: If age breakdowns are not available or the jurisdiction chooses not
to report these data, complete the group of cells in the far right section of
the table. If these data are available and the jurisdiction chooses to report
these data, note the ages of clients of each race/ethnicity served by this type
of intervention using the first three groups of cells and complete the column
and row totals at the far right end of the table.
Ethnicity and Race: The racial and ethnic categories are those used by
the U.S. Census Bureau and OMB. All data collected on clients’ race and
ethnicity should be in compliance with OMB requirements, which gives clients the
opportunity to identify themselves with more than one race. Therefore, the “More
Than One Race” category should be used to aggregate data on clients who report
that they are members of more than one race. When race and ethnicity data are
not known for clients, use the “Unknown” rows.
Sex: For clients whose sex was not recorded or is otherwise not known,
enter the number in the “U” (unknown) columns.
Transgender (also referred to as transsexual) refers to those
individuals who have undergone or who are undergoing a physical and
psychological sex change. This category should be used when interventions target
the Transgender population or when people known to identify as transgender are
part of the population served. Typically, this designation is used when it is
reported by the client. In some cases, a clients’ transgender status will not be
known, and they will identify as the sex to which they have changed.
Item #8 Number of full-time equivalent staff providing the
interventions in the jurisdiction whose salaries are funded by CDC:
A full-time equivalent is calculated by summing the percentage of time that
each staff member works on a particular type of intervention. For example,
||Percentage of Effort on a Specific Intervention
Portion of an FTE
Item #8 (continued) Number of volunteers providing the interventions in
Interventions developed by local providers are often the result of multiple
sources of information. Their professional and community experience is a
critical source of important, practical information about “what works.” In
addition to practical experience, it is important that interventions have a
basis in evidence or theory. This item calls for grantee staff to make a
determination about the sufficiency of the evidence used in the development of
each intervention. That is, someone must decide whether activities based on
scientific evidence have been adequately integrated into the proposed
intervention. The resulting determination is a simple designation of “Evidence
Provided” or “Evidence Not Provided.”
Item #8 (continued) CDC 99004 HIV Prevention funds that were
expended in carrying out all aspects of the interventions:
This figure should reflect the total amount of CDC funds expended in the
jurisdiction for each type of intervention serving a given risk population.
These include both HIV prevention cooperative agreement funds (i.e., CDC funds
provided to a state, territorial, or city health department for HIV prevention)
as well as other CDC funds, such as those coming to the grantee health
department (e.g., demonstration project cooperative agreements, supplemental
Data Elements Specific to Particular Interventions
Individual-level Interventions—Group-level Interventions—Outreach
Item #9 Enter the number of clients receiving [ILI—GLI—Outreach] in each of
the following settings:
This item will describe the number of clients receiving these three types of
interventions in various settings. The following are definitions to help
standardize the categorization of services or organizations in which the
interventions might be implemented:
||Community-based organization and/or AIDS service organization that
provides a range of services in particular communities
||Location in the community, such as streets, parks, roadsides, social
|Clinic/Health Care Facility
||Public or private facility that provides medical services, such as
an emergency room, or a physician group practice (distinct from STD
clinic – see below)
|HIV C/T Site
||Facility designated as an HIV counseling and testing site
||Public or private facility that provides STD-specific treatment and
|Drug Treatment Facility
||Public or private facility designed to treat substance addictions,
on either a voluntary or involuntary basis
||Public restrictive, rehabilitative facility for adults or juveniles
||Public or private school or facility that provides education and/or
vocational training services to children or adults
||Any other setting that does not fit the above descriptions, e.g., a
social service agency
Individual-level Interventions—Group-level Interventions—Prevention Case
Item #10 In the table below, enter the number of people in the jurisdiction
- only 1 session of a/an [ILI—GLI—PCM],
- only 2 sessions, and
- 3 or more sessions
The number of sessions of an ILI, a GLI, or PCM is one measure of the
intensity of the intervention. For PCM, the number of sessions is broken down by
Item #11 Enter the number of materials that were distributed in the
jurisdiction during outreach activities
This item lists the number of materials by type that were distributed during
||This item refers to condoms that are distributed by themselves, that
is, not in a package with other materials (e.g., lubricant, dental dams,
|Safer sex kits
||Packages of materials with multiple items that facilitate safer sex.
Examples of such materials are condoms, lubricant, dental dams.
||Items such as key chains, cups, water bottles, and caps that are
distributed during outreach and are typically imprinted with the name of
the agency or program or safer sex messages.
|Bleach/safer injection kits
||Items such as “cookers” for preparing injectable drugs, cotton, and
||Written or pictorial fliers, newsletters, cards, or other small
media with informational, educational, or motivational messages
Health Communications/Public Information
Item #12 In the table to the right, enter the number of HC/PI
interventions for this risk population provided by the following types of
agencies. The sum should equal the total interventions this form describes.
This item is similar to the Interventions by Type of Agency data
element present for the other types of interventions. The difference for HC/PI
is that there are spaces for the four different types of HC/PI interventions
(electronic and print media, hotlines, and clearinghouses). Thus, this item will
describe the array of service providers who offered those four types of HC/PI
interventions for a risk population during the previous year.
Item #13 Electronic Media: Broadcast
If intervention uses broadcast medium, enter the total number of times the
pieces were aired.
Enter the estimated number of people exposed to the message(s).
Enter the number of times that a health department-funded HIV prevention
message was aired over television or radio. Also enter the total estimated
viewership or exposure to the message(s). Formats can include public service
announcements, news broadcasts, or paid advertisements.
For example, if a public service announcement was aired 20 times on the radio
and a television news station was recruited to do 4 stories on HIV prevention,
“24” would be entered on this line. If the estimated listening audience of the
radio station is 25,000 and the estimated viewership of the news program is
100,000, the total estimated exposure to be entered on the appropriate line
would be “900,000.”
Do not include e-mail, Internet, or other technologies in this number.
Item #14 Print Media
If intervention uses a print medium, enter the number of distinct print
materials that were used to disseminate HIV prevention messages to a large-scale
Enter the estimated number of people exposed to the print material(s).
Enter the number of distinct print materials that were used to disseminate
HIV prevention messages to a large-scale audience and the estimated exposure to
these materials. These materials may include press releases, articles, print
advertisements, direct mailings, billboards, or transportation signage. This
item captures the number of distinct print materials created for the risk
population, not the number of times the material was printed.
For example, if two different HIV prevention ads (Ad-A and Ad-B) are created
targeting MSM and are printed in three different publications (Mag-X and Mag-Y
and News-Z), the jurisdiction would enter “2” for number of print materials and
would sum the estimated readership of the three publications (50,000 each) to
get an estimated exposure total of “150,000.” Similarly, if four different
billboards are designed to target heterosexual youth and they are placed in a
neighborhood of 5,000, the jurisdiction would enter “4” for number of print
materials and “20,000” for estimated exposure. If these two examples were
actually from the same jurisdiction, the numbers would be “6” for print
materials and “155,000” for estimated exposure.
Item #15 Hotlines
If intervention is a hotline, enter the total number of hotline calls
If intervention is a clearinghouse, enter the total number of requests for
Enter the number of calls received by the hotline(s). Enter the number of
requests for information received by the clearinghouse(s) or hits/downloads if
an internet website or FTP site.
Item #16 Presentations/Lectures
If intervention is a presentation or lecture, enter the total number provided
Enter the total number of presentations and lectures provided to groups.
Partner Counseling and Referral Services
- # HIV-infected clients interviewed
- # sex or needle-sharing partners identified for provider referral
- # sex or needle-sharing partners located by provider referral
- Known Provider Referred - Spousal Partners
- # Spousal partners identified
- # Counseled
- # Tested
- # Known to be previously infected
- # Found to be newly infected
- Known Provider Referred - Non-Spousal, Sex or Needle-Sharing
- # Counseled
- # Tested
- # Known to be previously infected
- # Found to be newly infected
- Intended Client-Referred Partners***
- # Spousal partners
- # Other partners: sex or needle-sharing
These items address the critical outcomes in the partner
notification, counseling, and testing process; they correspond to the
flow of client contacts that comprise partner counseling and referral
services. The number of HIV-infected clients interviewed, the number of
sex or needle-sharing partners identified for provider referral,
and the number of sex or needle-sharing partners located by
provider referral should be distinguished by whether the HIV-infected
client and partners originally came to the program’s attention through a
public or private source.
Known Provider Referred - Spousal Partners. These figures refer to the
number of spousal partners (i.e. the husbands or wives of the HIV-infected
clients) who were referred to counseling by a provider, rather than by the
Known Provider Referred - Non-Spousal, Sex or Needle-Sharing Partners.
These figures refer to the number of non-spousal partners who were referred to
counseling by a provider, rather than by the HIV-infected client.
Intended Client-Referred Partners. These data are drawn from self-reports
by the HIV-infected client regarding the partners the client chooses to refer
(rather than having the provider contact them for referral). The report should
distinguish the clients’ spouses from non-spousal sex or needle-sharing
Item #19 Mark the one category that best describes the other
intervention that was implemented.
This item should be used to characterize the type of other interventions that
were funded in the jurisdiction that cannot be described by using the
intervention categories found on example forms A - F. Please note that because
this category does not describe one discrete type of intervention, a separate
data set (or the optional example form) should be completed for each type of
intervention characterized as an “Other Intervention.”
If the intervention cannot be characterized by one of the five common types
shown on the example form, check Additional Intervention and use the
following line to briefly describe this intervention. If additional space is
necessary when using the example form, please attach additional sheets. A
narrative description should be provided here to help CDC clarify the additional
kinds of interventions that are being implemented across the nation that cannot
be captured by one of the major categories of intervention types.
Item #20 Describe the major concrete accomplishments for this
particular type of Other Intervention (e.g., enhanced accessibility to HIV
prevention services, creation of consortiums, community or policy changes,
This field offers the opportunity to provide a description of the processes,
outputs, and outcomes that have been accomplished by this particular type of
Other Intervention. In the other, more discrete types of interventions,
particular process variables were able to be determined. However, because the
“Other Intervention” category is inclusive of a variety of other interventions,
the jurisdiction is free to use this space to identify for itself what specific
successes or accomplishments it wishes to highlight.
Narrative description will help CDC clarify the kinds of objectives and
accomplishments that can be expected from various interventions in order to
refine technical assistance and future evaluation activities.
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between the Comprehensive HIV Prevention Plan, CDC Funding Application, and
||For the purpose of the CDC data system, “intervention” is
defined as “...a specific activity (or set of related activities) intended to
bring about HIV risk reduction in a particular risk population using a common
method of delivering the prevention messages. An intervention has distinct
process and outcome objectives and a protocol outlining the steps for
The seven types of interventions addressed here include individual-level
interventions, group-level interventions, outreach, prevention case management,
partner counseling and referral services, health communications/public
information, and other interventions. Later sections of these instructions
provide guidance on using these categories to classify various interventions.