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Table 8. Diagnoses of HIV infection among adult and adolescent Hispanics/Latinos, by transmission category and place of birth, 2008—37 states and 5 U.S. dependent areas with confidential name-based HIV infection reporting

Transmission category Place of birth
United States Central America South America Cuba Mexico Puerto Rico Total
No. Est. No.a % No. Est. No.a % No. Est. No.a % No. Est. No.a % No. Est. No.a % No. Est. No.a % No.b Est. No.a,b %
Male adult or adolescent
Male-to-male sexual contact 1,175 1,712 77.1 130 249 67.1 188 253 79.7 155 191 75.6 391 618 73.3 286 429 43.4 2,875 4,533 69.1
Injection drug use 104 232 10.5 6 23 6.2 2 14 4.3 6 10 4.0 29 61 7.2 205 322 32.5 430 885 13.5
Male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use 52 92 4.1 3 8 2.1 5 7 2.3 5 6 2.5 20 33 3.9 28 40 4.1 137 243 3.7
Heterosexual contactc 113 180 8.1 49 89 23.9 22 43 13.5 27 42 16.8 70 130 15.4 119 197 19.9 511 880 13.4
Otherd 408 4 0.2 121 3 0.8 45 0 0.1 28 3 1.0 201 2 0.3 132 0 0.0 1,443 17 0.3
Subtotal 1,852 2,220 100 309 372 100 262 317 100 221 253 100 711 843 100 770 989 100 5,396 6,557 100
Female adult or adolescent
Injection drug use 60 109 20.3 1 6 5.9 2 5 11.3 2 3 12.6 2 6 5.1 36 60 15.1 122 260 15.5
Heterosexual contactc 213 424 79.1 40 95 92.7 14 37 87.6 12 19 87.4 50 118 94.3 183 337 84.2 657 1,408 83.7
Otherd 169 3 0.6 47 1 1.4 18 0 1.1 5 0 0.0 52 1 0.6 94 3 0.7 584 13 0.8
Subtotal 442 536 100 88 102 100 34 42 100 19 22 100 104 125 100 313 400 100 1,363 1,681 100
Totale 2,294 2,756 100 397 474 100 296 360 100 240 275 100 815 968 100 1,083 1,389 100 6,759 8,238 100

Note. Data include persons with a diagnosis of HIV infection regardless of stage of disease at diagnosis.

See Technical Notes for the list of areas that have had laws or regulations requiring confidential name-based HIV infection reporting since at least January 2005.

a Estimated numbers resulted from statistical adjustment that accounted for reporting delays and missing risk-factor information, but not for incomplete reporting.

b Entries include persons whose place of birth is not among those listed and persons whose place of birth is unknown.

c Heterosexual contact with a person known to have, or to be at high risk for, HIV infection.

d Includes hemophilia, blood transfusion, perinatal exposure, and risk factor not reported or not identified.

e Because column totals for estimated numbers were calculated independently of the values for the subpopulations, the values in each column may not sum to the column total.

 
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