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Table 25. Reported cases of HIV/AIDS in infants born to HIV-infected mothers, by year of report and selected characteristics, 1994–2007—25 states with confidential name-based HIV infection reporting

  Year of report
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Child's race/ethnicity
American Indian/Alaska Native 5 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 2 0
Asiana 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 2 2 2
Black/African American 215 200 158 120 94 77 77 84 66 62 61 70 47 57
Hispanic/Latinob 31 20 19 14 10 11 15 13 18 10 15 18 8 9
Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
White 76 73 45 25 27 18 10 17 20 15 10 15 11 9
Perinatal transmission category
Mother with documented HIV infection or 1 of the following risk factors
Injection drug use 120 90 77 49 23 23 24 21 13 9 6 18 7 11
Sex with injection drug user 65 43 40 27 19 21 8 9 11 7 5 8 6 5
Sex with bisexual male 8 11 5 5 2 5 3 5 2 5 4 6 2 0
Sex with person with hemophilia 2 2 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0
Sex with HIV-infected transfusion recipient 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Sex with HIV-infected person, risk factor not specified 82 86 49 53 46 29 42 47 40 40 33 35 24 15
Receipt of blood transfusion, blood components, or tissue 6 4 3 2 2 1 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 0
Has HIV infection, risk factor not specified 46 59 50 30 39 29 25 30 40 32 38 40 35 47
Child's diagnosisc
HIV infection 123 130 114 89 90 68 73 74 71 76 68 88 58 64
AIDS 207 165 110 77 42 41 30 41 36 18 18 19 16 15
Totald 330 295 224 166 132 109 103 115 107 94 86 107 74 79

Note. Since 1994, the following 25 states have had laws and regulations requiring confidential name-based HIV infection reporting: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Idaho, Indiana, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

Data include children with a diagnosis of HIV infection (not AIDS), a diagnosis of HIV infection and a later diagnosis of AIDS, or concurrent diagnoses of HIV infection and AIDS.

a Includes Asian/Pacific Islander legacy cases (see Technical Notes).

b Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

c In the surveillance system as of June 2008.

d Includes children of unknown race or multiple races.

 
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