In the United States, HIV is spread mainly through anal or vaginal sex or by sharing drug-use equipment with an infected person. Although these risk factors are the same for everyone, some racial/ethnic groups are more affected than others, given their percentage of the population. This is because some population groups have higher rates of HIV in their communities, thus raising the risk of new infections with each sexual or drug use encounter.
Additionally, a range of social, economic, and demographic factors—such as stigma, discrimination, income, education, and geographic region—affect their risk for HIV. This section provides information on the prevention challenges for various groups and what CDC is doing to address them.
Note: Additional racial/ethnic groups coming soon.
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- HIV Basics
- Who's at Risk for HIV?
- Risk Behavior
- Racial/Ethnic Groups
- HIV Testing
- Prevention Research
- Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)
- Prevention Benefits of HIV Treatment
- Replicating Effective Programs Plus (REP)
- Compendium of Evidence-Based Interventions and Best Practices for HIV Prevention
- Demonstration Projects
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- The Serostatus Approach to Fighting the HIV Epidemic
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- Affordable Care Act
- DHAP Annual Report
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- Expanded Testing Initiative
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- Questions and Answers
- Letter of Intent
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- Eligibility Criteria and Maps of MSAs and MDs
- After You Apply
- New Awards for 12-1201
- FY 2012 Funding for Category C
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- Comprehensive Program Plan
- HIV Planning Guidance
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- Related Links
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