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Pregnant Women, Infants and Children

HIV transmission from mother to child during pregnancy, labor and delivery, or breastfeeding is known as perinatal transmission and is the most common route of HIV infection in children. When HIV is diagnosed before or during pregnancy, perinatal transmission can be reduced to less than 1% if appropriate medical treatment is given, the virus becomes undetectable, and breastfeeding is avoided. Read more about prevention challenges for women and what CDC is doing to address them in HIV Among Pregnant Women, Children and Infants.


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