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Guideline for Prevention of Surgical Site Infection, 1999

Table 5

Patient And Operation Characteristics That May Influence The Risk Of Surgical Site Infection Development
Patient Nutritional status
Diabetes
Smoking
Obesity
Coexistent infections at a remote body site
Colonization with microorganisms
Altered immune response
Length of preoperative stay
Operation Duration of surgical scrub
Skin antisepsis
Preoperative shaving
Preoperative skin prep
Duration of operation
Antimicrobial prophylaxis
Operating room ventilation
Inadequate sterilization of instruments
Foreign material in the surgical site
Surgical drains
Surgical technique
Poor hemostasis
Failure to obliterate dead space
Tissue trauma

Adapted from references [25,37].

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