HIV, STD, and Unintended Pregnancy Prevention
San Diego is seeking to increase the percentage of schools that deliver HIV, STD, or pregnancy prevention programs (including after school or supplemental programs) that meet the needs of ethnic/racial minority youth at high risk (e.g., black, Hispanic, or American Indian youth) by doing all of the following:
- Providing curricula or supplementary materials that include pictures, information, and learning experiences that reflect the life experiences of these youth in their communities.
- Providing curricula or supplementary materials in the primary languages of the youth and families.
- Facilitating access to direct health services or arrangements with providers not on school property who have experience in serving these youth in the community.
- Facilitating access to direct social services and psychological services or arrangements with providers not on school property who have experience in serving these youth in the community.
- Requiring professional development for school staff on HIV, STD, and pregnancy prevention issues and resources for these youth.
- Provide professional development for 20 districts and community partner staff on the American Psychological Association’s Healthy Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Students Project.
- Develop a California resource guide based on Michigan’s “A Silent Crisis: Resource Guide for Educators” toolkit to create safe campuses for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, and questioning youth.
- Deliver comprehensive sex education and HIV and STD instruction to five school sites with disproportionate populations of students at risk for HIV and STD infection.
San Diego is seeking to increase the percentage of schools in which the lead health education teacher received professional development during the past 2 years on all of the following:
- Teaching HIV prevention to students with physical, medical, or cognitive disabilities.
- Teaching HIV prevention to students of various cultural backgrounds.
- Using interactive teaching methods for HIV prevention education, such as role plays or cooperative group activities.
- Teaching essential skills for health behavior change related to HIV prevention and guiding student practice of these skills.
- Teaching about health-promoting social norms and beliefs related to HIV prevention.
- Strategies for involving parents, families, and others in student learning of HIV prevention education.
- Assessing students’ performance in HIV prevention education.
- Implementing standards-based HIV prevention education curricula and student assessment.
- Using technology to improve HIV prevention education instruction.
- Teaching HIV prevention to students with limited English proficiency.
- Addressing community concerns and challenges related to HIV prevention education.
- Provide training to 70 new teachers and new community staff on effective HIV prevention strategies and effective prevention messages for reaching youth.
- Meet with school-level administrators to develop an individualized HIV prevention implementation plan.
- Model best practices for teaching HIV/AIDS lessons for secondary health and resource teachers.
- Provide training for youth in two peer education programs on effective HIV prevention strategies and consequences HIV and other STD infections.
San Francisco is seeking to increase the percentage of schools in which students’ family or community members have helped develop or implement HIV prevention, STD prevention, or teen pregnancy prevention policies and programs.
- Engage parents as active participants on the Materials Review Task Force to help determine HIV and STD programs implemented in the classroom.
- Offer parents programs designed in collaboration with the parent-teacher association on talking with their teens about sexuality and task parents to take the information learned from this program and share it with their teens.
- Develop culturally sensitive theatrical HIV prevention programs for students in grades K–10 in collaboration with community partners.