National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Demonstrating Your Program's Worth: A Primer on Evaluation for Programs to Prevent Unintentional Injury. This book is designed to help injury prevention program managers conduct simple evaluations, hire and supervise consultants for complex evaluations, and incorporate evaluation activities into injury prevention programs.
Heads Up: Concussion in High School Sports. CDC, with co-sponsors including the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO), developed this toolkit for high school coaches to provide strategies for reducing the concussions that can occur in any high school sport. Coaches, athletic directors, and trainers can play a key role in the prevention and management of traumatic brain injury. The kit contains a video and DVD, wallet card and clip board sticker for coaches, posters, and fact sheets for parents and athletes.
Injuries Among Children and Adolescents. Injury and violence are serious threats to the health and well-being of children and adolescents in the United States. Children and adolescents are at high risk for many injuries that can lead to death or disability. CDC's National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC) provides a directory of links to more information about the types of injury and violence that pose the greatest threat to American youth.
National Strategies for Advancing Child Pedestrian Safety. This document, produced in partnership with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, offers ideas for encouraging children to explore their environment by walking while reducing their risk of pedestrian injury.
Promoting Safe Work for Young Workers: A Community-based Approach. This guide, prepared for health professionals, labor groups, educators, employers, and parent groups, reflects the lessons learned from three National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)-funded community-based health education projects on young worker issues.
Reducing Childhood Pedestrian Injuries: Summary of a Multidisciplinary Conference. Released in June 2002, this special supplement of Injury Prevention includes recommendations from the National Strategies for Advancing Child Pedestrian Safety document as well as an executive summary of a multidisciplinary conference held on this issue.
School Chemistry Laboratory Safety Guide. The School Chemistry Laboratory Safety Guide developed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Consumer Product Safety Commission and the Environmental Protection Agency provides high school teachers and students with useful and practical safety information to prevent injuries in school chemistry laboratories.
School Health Guidelines to Prevent Unintentional Injuries and Violence. These guidelines were designed to help education agencies and schools promote safety and make schools safe places for students to learn.
Best Practices of Youth Violence Prevention: A Sourcebook for Community Action. This sourcebook looks at the effectiveness of four types of violence prevention strategies: parents and family-based; home visiting; social-cognitive; and mentoring. The sourcebook documents the science behind each best practice and offers a comprehensive directory of resources for more information about programs that have used these practices.
Measuring Violence-related Attitudes, Beliefs, and Behaviors among Youths: A Compendium of Assessment Tools. This compendium provides research and prevention specialists with a set of tools to evaluate programs to prevent youth violence. The compendium includes more than 100 measures, mostly focused on individuals’ violence-related attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors.
School Health Index: A Self-Assessment and Planning Guide. This tool enables schools to identify the strengths and weaknesses of injury prevention policies and programs and develop an action plan for improvement.
Suicide Facts at a Glance [pdf 105K]. This fact sheet provides statistics about fatal and non-fatal suicide-related behaviors among adults and adolescents, as well as age, racial/ethnic, and gender disparities in suicidal behaviors.
Understanding Suicide Fact Sheet [pdf 160K]. This fact sheet outlines why suicide is a public health problem, how suicide affects health, who is at risk for suicide, how to prevent it, and resources.
Youth Violence and Electronic Media: Similar Behaviors, Different Venues?* Aggression is no longer limited to the school yard. This special issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health contains 10 articles describing how electronic media—blogs, instant messaging, chat rooms, email, text messaging and the Internet—are providing new arenas for youth violence to occur.
CDC. Unintentional Strangulation Deaths from the "Choking Game" Among Youths Aged 6–19 Years—United States, 1995–2007. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2008;57(06):141–144.
CDC. QuickStats: Estimated Percentage of Students Who Missed School During the Preceding 12 Months Because of Illness or Injury, by Number of Days Missed—National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2006. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2007;56(37):974.
CDC. Nonfatal Traumatic Brain Injuries from Sports and Recreation Activities—United States, 2001-2005. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2007;56(29):733–737.
CDC. Fatal Injuries Among Children by Race and Ethnicity—United States, 1999-2002. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2007;56(SS05):1–16.
CDC. Sports-Related Injuries Among High School Athletes—United States, 2005–06 School Year. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2006;55(38):1037–1040.
CDC. Nonfatal injuries and restraint use among child passengers—United States, 2004. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2006;55(22):624–627.
CDC. Nonfatal injuries from off-road motorcycle riding among children and teens—United States, 2001-2004. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2006;55(22):621–624.
CDC. Involvement by young drivers in fatal alcohol-related motor-vehicle crashes—United States, 1982–2001 [pdf 220K]. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2002;51(48):1089–1091.
CDC. Nonfatal choking-related episodes among children—United States, 2001 [pdf 240K]. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2002;51(42):945–948.
CDC. Nonfatal sports- and recreation-related injuries treated in emergency departments —United States, July 2000–June 2001 [pdf 240K]. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2002;51(33):736–740.
CDC. Barriers to children walking and biking to school—United States, 1999 [pdf 2.2MB]. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2002;51(32):701–704.
CDC. Injuries and deaths among children left unattended in or around motor vehicles—United States, July 2000–June 2001 [pdf 660K]. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2002;51(26):570–572.
CDC. Unpowered scooter-related injuries—United States, 1998–2000 [pdf 160K]. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2000;49(49):1108–1110.
CDC. Motor-vehicle occupant fatalities and restraint use among children aged 4–8 years–United States, 1994–1998 [pdf 130K]. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2000;49(7):135–137.
CDC. Playground Safety—United States, 1998–1999 [pdf 270K]. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 1999;48(16):329–332.
CDC. School-Associated Student Homicides—United States, 1992–2006. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2008;57(02):33–36.
CDC. Suicide Trends Among Youths and Young Adults Aged 10–24 Years—United States, 1990–2004. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2007;56(35):905–908.
CDC. The Effectiveness of Universal School-Based Programs for the Prevention of Violent and Aggressive Behavior. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2007;56(RR07):1–12.
CDC. Physical Dating Violence Among High School Students—United States, 2003. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2006;55(19):532–535.
CDC. Violence-Related Behaviors Among High School Students—United States, 1991–2003 [pdf 300K] Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2004;53(29):651–655.
CDC. Source of firearms used by students in school-associated violent deaths—United States, 1992–1999 [pdf 250K]. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2003;52(9):169–172.
CDC. Nonfatal self-inflicted injuries treated in hospital emergency departments—United States, 2000 [pdf 220K]. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2002;51(20):436–8.
CDC. Temporal variations in school-associated student homicide and suicide events—United States, 1992–1999 [pdf 140K]. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 2001;50(31):657–660.
Handbook for Public Playground Safety [pdf 3.7Mb]. Developed by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, this handbook presents safety guidelines and information to promote greater safety awareness among those who purchase, install, and maintain public playground equipment in schools and communities.
Healthy School Environments Assessment Tool (HealthySEAT). EPA has developed a software tool to help school districts evaluate and manage their school facilities for key environmental, safety and health issues. HealthySEAT can be customized and used by district-level staff to conduct voluntary self-assessments of school facilities and to track and manage information on environmental conditions school by school. EPA has included critical elements of all of its regulatory and voluntary programs for schools, as well as web links to more detailed information.
International Walk to School Month/Back to School Planner for Pedestrians, Bicyclists, and School Bus Riders. This planner provides a variety of materials to teach and reinforce children's pedestrian, bicycle, and school bus or public transportation safety habits. It also provides the latest information about International Walk to School events, which take place during the month of October.
Kids, the School Bus, and You. This school bus safety fact sheet from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration offers safety tips for school bus drivers, riders, and parents.
Proper Use of Child Safety Restraint Systems in School Buses. This report by the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Highway Safety Administration, is designed to assist in correctly securing pre-school age children in Child Safety Restraint Systems (CSRS) and properly securing the system to a school bus seat. It provides the basic rules of proper CSRS usage and illustrates the most common mistakes made when installing a CSRS.
Bomb Threat Response: An Interactive Planning Tool for Schools.* Developed by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools and the U.S. Department of Justice's Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives, this interactive tool assists school districts, school administrators, and emergency responders in planning an effective bomb threat response protocol in schools. The tool comprehensively and concretely walks through the planning and response process and provides customizable implementation resources.
Exemplary and Promising Safe, Disciplined, and Drug-Free Schools Programs, 2001 [pdf 5Mb]. The U.S. Department of Education commissioned an expert panel to evaluate educational programs designed to promote safe, disciplined, and drug-free schools. This publication provides descriptions of the nine exemplary and 33 promising programs selected by the Expert Panel in 2001. Contact information for each program is provided.
The Final Report and Findings of the Safe School Initiative: Implications for the Prevention of School Attacks in the United States [pdf 200K] and Threat Assessment in Schools: A Guide to Managing Threatening Situations and to Creating Safe School Climates [pdf 1.2Mb]. The U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Secret Service collaborated to produce these two reports that outline a process for identifying, assessing, and managing students who may pose a threat of targeted violence in schools as well as ideas for creating safe school climates. These guides are intended for school personnel, law enforcement officials, and others with protective responsibilities in our Nation's schools.
FindYouthInfo.gov: Bullying Prevention and Response
This site compiles federal agency resources, data, and information to help schools and communities address bullying.
Indicators of School Crime and Safety, 2007. Indicators, jointly published by the U.S. Departments of Education and Justice, provides an annual snapshot of specific school crime and safety indicators, covering topics such as victimization, fights, bullying, disorder, teacher injury, weapons, student perceptions of school safety, and others.
Criminal Victimization, 2008 [pdf 447K]. This report presents data from the National Crime Victimization Survey, which collects information about nonfatal violent crimes and property crimes against people aged 12 years and older.
National Strategy for Suicide Prevention: Goals and Objectives for Action*. Published as an outcome of the Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Prevent Suicide, this Department of Health and Human Services document describes strategies for preventing suicide.
Successful Program Implementation: Lessons From Blueprints*. This bulletin, distributed by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, presents findings from a process evaluation of exemplary violence prevention and drug prevention programs that have been evaluated in rigorous, controlled trials. Critical components of program implementation are identified. For more detailed information see Blueprints for Violence Prevention*, a report that describes the Blueprints initiative, 11 model programs and 21 promising programs that prevent violence and drug use and treat youth with problem behaviors.
Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Prevent Suicide. This 1999 Call to Action introduces a blueprint for addressing suicide prevention through awareness, intervention, and methodology. It describes 15 broad recommendations, containing goal statements, broad objectives, and recommendations for implementation consistent with a public health approach to suicide prevention.
Violence in U.S. Public Schools: 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety. This report presents the first analysis of the 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety, a nationally representative survey of public elementary and secondary school principals regarding crime, violence, disciplinary actions, prevention programs, and policies.
Youth Violence: A Report of the Surgeon General. This first Surgeon General's report on youth violence reviews research on where, when, and how much youth violence occurs, what causes it, and which of today's many preventive strategies are genuinely effective. The report includes scientifically-derived bases for action at all levels of society.
Health, Mental Health, and Safety Guidelines for Schools. This compendium of guidelines is designed for those who influence the health, mental health and safety of students and school staff while they are in school, on school grounds, on their way to or from school, or involved in school-sponsored activities. They draw upon school health and safety guidelines and can assist in developing health and safety objectives.
Guide to Community Preventive Services. The guide, produced by the independent Task Force on Community Preventive Services, makes recommendations regarding public health interventions to reduce illness, disability, premature death, and environmental hazards that impair community health and quality of life. Injury and violence-related topics are included.
Matrix of Programs as Identified by Various Federal and Private Agencies. This document identifies various federal and private agencies and researchers who have rated the effectiveness of prevention programs designed to reduce or eliminate behaviors such as delinquency, aggression, violence, substance use, and school behavioral problems. The document describes the set of criteria that has been identified for program inclusion by each agency and also describes the focus of each work. The Matrix is a table listing approximately 300 programs that have been rated as effective.
Mental Health in Schools: Guidelines, Models, Resources, & Policy Considerations [pdf 420K]. Designed by the University of California at Los Angeles Center for Mental Health in Schools, this resource addresses National policy and practice concerns about what is and is not included, as well as what could be included, in the sphere of mental health in schools.
Reporting on Suicide: Recommendations for the Media [pdf 160K]. Published by the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (AFSP), this report provides strategies on working with the media and mental health professionals to reduce inaccurate or sensational media coverage of suicide.
School Safety and Security Toolkit: A Guide for Parents, Schools, and Communities [pdf 6M]. This toolkit, developed by the National Crime Prevention Council as part of the Be Safe & Sound campaign, assists parents, educators, and community members in working together to address school safety and security. The guide provides a step-by-step procedure for forming an action team, assessing school safety and security, identifying the problems, holding a forum with stakeholders to brainstorm solutions, developing an action plan and building support for it, and evaluating the results.
Violence Prevention: An Important Element of a Health-Promoting School [pdf 3.3Mb]. Prepared by the World Health Organization (WHO), this document is designed to help school personnel, community leaders, health care providers, and others understand the nature of a health-promoting school and how efforts to promote peace and prevent violence might be planned, implemented, and evaluated as part of the development of a health-promoting school.
World Report on Violence and Health. Developed by the World Health Organization (WHO), this report provides a comprehensive review of the problem of violence at a global level. It covers issues related to the causes of violence and the methods for preventing violence and reducing its impact on children, families, and communities.
Barrios LC, Everett Jones S, Gallagher SS. Legal liability: the consequences of school injury. Journal of School Health 2007;77(5):273-279. Available at http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/toc/josh/77/5
Barrios L, Sleet D. Adolescent injuries and violence. In: Smelser NJ, Baltes PB (eds.). International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Oxford, England: Pergamon, 2001:112–116.
Budman MV, Powell KE, Everett SA, Anderson MA, Bolen JC, Sleet DA. The prevalence of injury prevention activities in American schools. Journal of Health Education 1999;30(5):S34–S41.
Cohen LR, Potter LB. Injuries and violence: risk factors and opportunities for prevention during adolescence. Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews 1999; 10(1):125–135.
Gould MS, Harris Munfakh JL, Lubell K, Kleinman M, Parker S. Seeking help from the internet during adolescence. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 2002;41(10):1182–1189.
Nguyen MH, Annest JL, Mercy JA, Ryan GW, Fingerhut LA. Trends in BB/pellet gun injuries in children and teenagers in the United States, 1985–99. Injury Prevention 2002;8(3):185–191.
Small ML, Jones SE, Barrios LC, Crossett LS, Dahlberg LL, Albuquerque MS, et al. School policy and environment: Results from the School Health Policies and Programs Study 2000. Journal of School Health 2001;71(7):325–334.
Stennies G, Ikeda R, Leadbetter S, Houston B, Sacks J. Firearm storage practices and children in the home, United States, 1994. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 1999;153(6):586–590.
Swahn MH, Hammig BJ, Ikeda RM. Prevalence of youth access to alcohol or a gun in the home. Injury Prevention 2002;8(3):227–230.
Branche CM, Williams AF, Feldman D. Graduated licensing for teens: Why everybody’s doing it. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 2002;30(3 Suppl.):146–9.
Dellinger AM, Groff PC, Mickalide AD, Nolan PA. Kids in cars: Closing gaps in child occupant restraint laws. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 2002;30(3 Suppl.):150–156.
Everett SA, Lowry R, Cohen LR, Dellinger AM. Unsafe motor vehicle practices among substance-using college students. Accident Analysis and Prevention 1999; 31(6):667–673.
Everett SA, Shults RA, Barrios LC, Sacks JJ, Lowry R, Oeltmann J. Trends and subgroup differences in transportation-related injury risk and safety behaviors among high school students, 1991–1997. Journal of Adolescent Health 2001; 28(3):228–234.
Gilchrist J, Schieber RA, Leadbetter S, Davidson SC. Police enforcement as part of a comprehensive bicycle helmet program. Pediatrics 2000;106(1):6–9.
Hendricks KJ, Adekoya N. Non-fatal animal related injuries to youth occurring on farms in the United States, 1998. Injury Prevention 2001;7(4):307–311.
Kanny D, Schieber RA, Pryor V, Kresnow MJ. Effectiveness of a State law mandating use of bicycle helmets among children: an observational evaluation. American Journal of Epidemiology 2001;154(11):1072–1076.
Mack M, Sacks JJ, Hudson SD, Thompson D. Testing the impact attenuation of loose-fill playground surfaces. Injury Prevention 2000;6(2):141–144.
Mack M, Sacks JJ, Hudson SD, Thompson D. Impact attenuation performance of materials used under indoor playground equipment in child care centers. Injury Control and Safety Promotion 2001;8(1):45–47.
Myers JR, Adekoya N. Fatal on-farm injuries among youth 16 to 19 years of age: 1982–1994. Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health 2001;7 (2):101–112.
Pelletier AR, Quinlan KP, Sacks JJ, Van Gilder TJ, Gilchrist J, Ahluwalia HK. Injury prevention practices as depicted in G-Rated and PG-Rated movies. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2000;154(3):283-286.
Phelan KJ, Grossman DC, Hu D, Wallace LDJ, Bill N, Kalkwarf H. Pediatric motor vehicle related injuries in the Navajo Nation: the impact of the 1988 child occupant restraint laws. Injury Prevention 2002;8(3):216-220.
Quinlan KP, Brewer RD, Sleet DA, Dellinger AM. Characteristics of child passenger deaths and injuries involving drinking drivers. Journal of the American Medical Association 2000;283(17):2249–2252.
Schieber R, Gilchrist J, Sleet D. Legislative and regulatory strategies to reduce childhood unintentional injuries. The Future of Children 2000;10(1):111–136.
Schieber RA, Vegega ME. Reducing childhood pedestrian injuries. Injury Prevention. 2002;8(Suppl 1):i1-i10.
Shulman J, Sacks JJ, Porevenzano G. State level estimates of the incidence and economic burden of head injuries stemming from non-universal use of bicycle helmets. Injury Prevention 2002;8(1):47–52.
Thompson N, Sleet DA, Sacks JJ. Increasing the use of bicycle helmet use: Lessons from behavioral science. Patient Education & Counseling 2002;46(3):191–197.
Anderson M, Kaufman J, Simon TR, Barrios L, Paulozzi L, Ryan G, et al. School-associated violent deaths in the United States, 1994–1999. Journal of the American Medical Association 2001;286(21):2695–2702.
Anderson M, Simon TR. Source of firearms used by students in school-associated violent deaths—United States, 1992–1999. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 2003;52(9).
Barrios LC. Helping students learn: promoting skills to prevent violence. Health in Action 2003;1(3):20.
Barrios LC. Policies and plans. Health in Action 2003;1(3):17.
Barrios LC. Preventing school violence: a time for hard, solid thinking. Injury Prevention 2000;6(3):165–166. Reprinted in Western Journal of Medicine 2001; 174(2)88–90.
Barrios LC, Everett SA, Simon TR, Brener ND. Suicide ideation among U.S. college students: associations with other injury risk behaviors. Journal of American College Health 2000;48(5):229–233.
Bosworth K, Espelage DL, Simon TR. Factors associated with bullying behavior in middle school students. Journal of Early Adolescence 1999;19(3):341–62.
Brener ND, Hassan SS, Barrios LC. Suicidal ideation among college students in the United States. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1999;67(6):1004–1008.
Brener ND, Krug EG, Simon TR. Trends in suicide ideation and suicidal behavior among high school students in the United States, 1991–1997. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 2000;30:304–312.
Brener ND, McMahon P, Warren C, Douglas K. Forced sexual intercourse and associated health-risk behavior among female college students in the United States. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1999;67(2):252–259.
Brener ND, Simon TR, Anderson M, Barrios LC, Small ML. Effect of the incident at Columbine on students’ violence- and suicide-related behaviors. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2002;22(3):146–150.
Brener ND, Simon TR, Krug EG, Lowry R. Recent trends in violence-related behaviors among high school students in the United States. Journal of the American Medical Association 1999;282(5):440–446.
Buka SL, Stichik TL, Birdthistle I, Earls F. Youth exposure to violence: prevalence, risks, and consequences. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 2001;71(3):298–310.
Cadwallader TW, Farmer TW, Cairns BD, Leung MC, Clemmer JT, Gut DV, et al. The social relations of rural African American early adolescents and proximal impact of the school engagement project. Journal of School Psychology 2002;40(3):239–58.
Dahlberg LL., Potter LB. Youth violence: developmental pathways and prevention challenges. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2001;20(1 Suppl 1):3–14.
Debruyn L, Chino M, Serna P, Gleason LF. Child maltreatment in American Indian and Alaska Native communities: integrating culture, history, and public health for intervention and prevention. Child Maltreatment 2001;6(2):89–102.
Desai S, Arias I, Thompson MP, Basile KC. Childhood victimization and subsequent adult revictimization assessed in a nationally representative sample of women and men. Violence and Victims 2002;17(6):639–53.
Espelage DL, Bosworth K, Simon TR. Examining the social context of bullying behaviors in early adolescence. Journal of Counseling & Development 2000;78(Summer):326–33.
Espelage DL, Bosworth K, Simon TR. Short-term stability and prospective correlates of bullying in middle-school students: an examination of potential demographic, psychosocial, and environmental influences. Violence and Victims 2001;16(4):411–26.
Hammig BJ, Dahlberg LL, Swahn MH. Predictors of injury from fighting among adolescent males. Injury Prevention 2001;7(4):312–5 .
Hammond WR. A brief history of violence as a public health issue. The Pfizer Journal Global Edition 2001;2(1):9.
Hammond WR. Suicide prevention: broadening the field toward a public health approach. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 2001;32(1 suppl.1):1–2
Hemenway D. (editorial) Lethal violence in schools. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law; 2002;27:267–271
Ikeda RM., Simon TR., Swahn M. The prevention of youth violence: the rationale for and characteristics of four evaluation projects. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2001;20(1 Supl 1):15–21.
Johnson GR, Krug EG, Potter LB. Suicide among adolescents and young adults: a cross-national comparison of 34 countries. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 2000; 30(1):74–82.
Krug EG, Mercy JA, Dahlberg LL, Zwi AB. The world report on violence and health. The Lancet 2002;5(360):1083–8.
Lowry R, Cohen LR, Modzeleski W, Kann L, Collins JL, Kolbe LJ. School violence, substance use, and availability of illegal drugs on school property among U.S. high school students. Journal of School Health 1999;69(9):347–355.
Lutzker JR. Issues in applied research in child maltreatment. Child Maltreatment Newsletter 2002;6(3).
McMahon PM, Puett RC. Child sexual abuse as a public health issue: recommendations of an expert panel. Sexual Abuse 1999;11(4):257–66.
Mercy JA, Kresnow M, O'Carroll PW, Lee RK/Powell KE, Potter LB, Swann AC, et al. Is suicide contagious? A study of the relation between exposure to the suicidal behavior of others and nearly lethal suicide attempts. American Journal Epidemiology 2001;154(2):120–7.
Meyer AL, Allison KW, Reese LE, Gar FN and Multisite Violence Prevention Project. Choosing to be violence free in middle school: the student component of the GREAT Schools and Families Universal Program. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2004;26(1 suppl 1):20–28.
Miller-Johnson S, Sullivan T, Simon TR. Evaluating the impact of interventions in the Multisite Violence Prevention Study: samples, procedures, and measures. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2004;26(IS):48–61
Miller M. Violence on campus: defining the problems, strategies for action, Journal of the American Medical Association 2000;284(5):630–631.
Moskowitz H, Griffith JL, DiScala C, Sege RD. Serious injuries and deaths of adolescent females resulting from interpersonal violence: characteristics and trends from the United States, 1989–1998. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2001;155:903–908.
Nguyen MH, Annest JL, Mercy JA, Ryan GW, Fingerhut LA. Trends in BB/pellet gun injuries in children and teenagers in the United States, 1985–99. Injury Prevention 2002;8(3):185–191.
Potter RH, Krider JE, McMahon P. Examining elements of campus sexual violence policies: is deterrence or health promotion favored. Violence Against Women 2000;6(12):1345–62.
Reese LE, Vera EM, Hasbrouck L. Examining the impact of violence on ethnic minority youth, their families and communities: issues for prevention practice science. In: Bermal G, et al., editors. Handbook of Racial and Ethnic Minority Psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications;2002.
Reese LE, Vera EM, Simon TR, Ikeda RM. The role of families and care givers as risk and protective factors in youth interpersonal violence: theoretical considerations. Journal of Clinical and Family Psychology 2000;3(1):61–77.
Rhodes JR, Rappaport N, Lutzker JR, Boyle C. Physical and sexual abuse. In: Jason LA, Glenwick DS, editors. Innovative strategies for promoting health and mental health across the life span. New York, NY: Springer; 2002; 85–105.
Sege, RD. The Multisite Violence Prevention Project: a commentary from academic research. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2004;26:78–79.
Sege RD, Kharasch S, Perron C, Supran S, O'Malley P, Li W, et al. Pediatric violence-related injuries in Boston: results of a city-wide emergency department surveillance program. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine 2002;156:73–76
Sege RD and Licenziato V, editors. Recognizing and preventing youth violence, a guide for physicians & other health care professionals. Massachusetts Medical Society, Waltham, MA, 2001
Sege RD. Violence prevention. In: Hoekelman R, Friedman S, Nelson N, Seidel H, & Weitzman M, Editors. Primary Pediatric Care, 4th edition. Mosby-Year Boon Inc. St. Louis, MO, 2000.
Simon TR, Crosby AE. Suicide planning among high school students who report attempting suicide. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 2000;30(3):213–21.
Simon TR, Crosby AE, Dahlberg LL. Students who carry weapons to high school: comparison with other weapon-carriers. Journal of Adolescent Health 1999;24(5):340–8.
Simon TR, Sussman S, Dahlberg LL, Dent CW. Influence of a substance-abuse-prevention curriculum on violence-related behavior. American Journal of Health Behavior 2002;26(2):103–10.
Swahn MH, Hammig BJ, Ikeda RM. Prevalence of youth access to alcohol or a gun in the home. Injury Prevention 2002;8(3):227–30.
Thompson MP, Arias I, Basile KC. The association between childhood physical and sexual victimization and health problems in adulthood in a nationally representative sample of women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2002;17(10):1115–1129.
Thompson M, Kaslow NJ, Lane DB, Kingree JB. Childhood maltreatment, PTSD, and suicidal behavior among African American females. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2000;15(1):3–15.
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