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School-Located H1N1 Influenza Vaccination: Categories of Commercial Community Vaccinators

This website is archived for historical purposes and is no longer being maintained or updated. For updated information on the current flu season, see the CDC Seasonal Flu website.

September 13, 2009, 2:45 AM ET

Medical Services Firms (MSFs)

MSFs are nationwide or regional firms that provide many medical services, including temporary labor.  They also conduct seasonal influenza vaccination clinics in a variety of areas and venues, including commercial settings (e.g., supermarkets), work sites, schools, hospitals, and community centers.

Retail-Based Clinics (RBCs)

RBCs are defined as a medical provider housed inside a retail venue, such as a large chain discount store, retail grocer, or retail pharmacy. RBCs typically offer a limited ‘menu’ of services.  While a small number employ physicians, most are staffed by nurse practitioners, physician assistants, or registered nurses that follow a computerized decision-making system in analyzing care to offer to patients.  Most RBCs routinely provide at least one type of vaccine on site but do not offer off-site vaccinations. Because RBCs are engaged in large retail venues, they might make good partners for vaccinating the general public in non-traditional settings. However, there are about 10 states with no RBCs, and a number of other states may only have a very limited number of RBCs.

Temporary Medical Staffing Groups/Agencies

These groups or agencies supply temporary medical staff as one of their many services.  Most staffing groups/agencies offer services at a state or local level rather than at a regional or national level. 

Urgent Care Clinics (UCCs)

UCCs are differentiated from RBC because they are stand-alone sites and not attached to non-medical retailers. Most UCCs are staffed by physicians, though a small percent are staffed by nurse practitioners and/or physician assistants. Some UCCs are closely allied with, or owned by, hospitals, and they are equipped to address a much broader range of illnesses and injuries than RBCs. There are an estimated 8,000 UCCs nationwide. Some UCCs conduct workplace vaccination clinics, and most offer vaccination on site.

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