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Content on this page was developed during the 2009-2010 H1N1 pandemic and has not been updated.

  • The H1N1 virus that caused that pandemic is now a regular human flu virus and continues to circulate seasonally worldwide.
  • The English language content on this website is being archived for historic and reference purposes only.
  • For current, updated information on seasonal flu, including information about H1N1, see the CDC Seasonal Flu website.

2009 H1N1 Flu: International Situation Update

August 3, 2010, 1:00 PM ET

This report provides an update to the international flu situation using data collected through July 25, 2010, and reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) on July 30.

Global Flu Activity Update

WHO continues to report laboratory-confirmed 2009 H1N1 flu deathsExternal Web Site Icon on its Web page.  These fatal cases are an under-representation of the actual numbers, as many deaths are never tested or recognized as flu related.

Overall, flu activity due to 2009 H1N1 and seasonal flu viruses is low worldwide.  However, some tropical regions, such as areas of the Americas and South and Southeast Asia, continue to report high levels of flu activity related to seasonal flu or 2009 H1N1.  In the Northern Hemisphere, flu activity has been low or sporadic.

Southern Hemisphere

In the Southern Hemisphere, levels of flu activity vary by location. There is low, but increasing, flu activity in Australia and New Zealand.  In Australia, 2009 H1N1 is the most common virus strain, followed by influenza A (H3N2) viruses.  Virologic data from South Africa suggests flu activity has peaked, but remains elevated, mostly due to seasonal influenza B and A (H3N2) viruses.  Overall, levels of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Chile remain low, except in the Los Lagos region.  The majority of flu viruses in Chile and Argentina are 2009 H1N1 and seasonal B viruses. In tropical regions of the Americas, 2009 H1N1 and seasonal flu virus activity was reported in early July.

Asia

In Asia, India reported the most 2009 H1N1 activity. Low levels of 2009 H1N1 activity were also detected in several Southeast Asia countries, including Cambodia, Singapore and Malaysia. Singapore continues to report high levels of seasonal A (H3N2) activity.

Africa

In Sub-Saharan Africa, seasonal A (H3N2) and B viruses continue to circulate in parts of Kenya and central Africa (Cameroon), and pandemic flu transmission continues in Ghana.

Selected Highlights

  • According to WHO, the majority of 2009 H1N1 virus isolates tested worldwide remains sensitive to oseltamivir, an antiviral medicine used to treat flu. Among 2009 H1N1 isolates tested worldwide, 302 have been found to be resistant to oseltamivir as of July 21st.  Approximately 1% of U.S. 2009 H1N1 viruses tested by CDC since September 1, 2009, have been resistant to oseltamivir.
  • Globally 50.7% of subtyped influenza A viruses were 2009 H1N1, according to WHO data collected from July 11-17, 2010, and reported on July 28.
  • On February 18, 2010, WHO published recommendations for the following viruses to be used for influenza vaccines in the 2010-2011 influenza season of the Northern Hemisphere:
    • an A/California/7/2009 (H1N1)-like virus;
    • an A/Perth/16/2009 (H3N2)-like virus*;
    • a B/Brisbane/60/2008-like virus.

    * A/Wisconsin/15/2009 is an A/Perth/16/2009 (H3N2)-like virus and is a 2010 Southern Hemisphere vaccine virus.

Health Organizations

World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Offices

Travel and 2009 H1N1 Flu

Human cases of 2009 H1N1 flu virus infection have been identified in the United States and several countries around the world. For information on 2009 H1N1 flu and travel, see the CDC H1N1 Flu and Travel website.

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