Global Health Programs: Global Immunization
The mission of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention‘s (CDC) Global Immunization Division (GID) is to protect the health of Americans and global citizens by preventing disease, disability, and death through immunization.
Where We Work
- Burkina Faso
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
Since 1991, GID has partnered with ministries of health and international partners by providing needed epidemiologic, lab, and programmatic expertise together with other CDC programs. CDC’s financial support for polio eradication, measles, rubella, integrated vaccine preventable disease surveillance, and strengthening immunization systems has been a key component to the success of global initiatives like Global Polio Eradication and Measles Mortality Reduction adopted by the World Health Assembly.
Several future program goals are critical to achieving eradication, elimination, and control goals for vaccine-preventable diseases, disability and deaths strengthening immunization systems to achieve high national vaccination coverage rates (>90% for DPT3), preventing diarrhea and respiratory disease through the advancement of new vaccine introductions with partners such as the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization, and the integration of surveillance systems.
Public Health Impact
- The number of global polio cases has been reduced by more than 99.8% since 1988, including the prevention of five million cases of paralysis and more than 250,000 deaths. By 2006, only four countries remain endemic for polio, the fewest ever.
- Endemic measles has been eliminated from the Western Hemisphere since 2002, and no importations from Latin America have occurred in the United States since 2000 (in 1990, more than 90% of measles importations into the U.S. were from Latin America). Building on this achievement, CDC is working to control measles in those parts of the world responsible for importations into the United States.
- CDC is a founding member of the Measles Initiative, which, together with host governments, has helped cut measles deaths by 60% in Africa from 1999-2004. Global measles deaths have dropped by 78%, falling from 733,000 deaths in 2000 to 164,000 in 2008.
- With technical support from the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), CDC and other partners, global immunization coverage for DTP3 has increased from 20% in 1980 to 82% in 2009.