Global Disease Detection (GDD)
The Global Disease Detection Program (GDD) is CDC’s principal and most visible program for developing and strengthening global capacity to rapidly detect, accurately identify, and promptly contain emerging infectious disease and bioterrorist threats that occur internationally.
- Enhancing global health security ― A weakness in the surveillance system for infectious diseases in any one country – is a threat to all countries. This risk to U.S. national and global interests underscores the need for a coordinated and connected system to detect and respond to emerging, and re-emerging, infectious diseases.
- Protecting health through cooperation ― Through the revised International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) countries are responsible for effective monitoring, reporting, and response to any disease threat with the potential to harm the public’s health. These guidelines require renewed cooperation and coordination between countries for full and effective implementation. The U.S. is committed to helping countries with limited resources develop the essential detection and control capacities in coordination with the World Health Organization (WHO) and Ministries of Health.
“The U.S. government should lead efforts to detect and conquer emerging infectious disease with the same energy it devoted to tackling polio in this country during the last century.”
The Trust for America’s Health, 2008 - Germs Go Global: Why Infectious Diseases are a Threat to America
GDD represents a major U.S. contribution to a global system of disease protection through:
A Clear Mission: Based on experience with SARS, Congress provided CDC with funding in 2004 to, "…mitigate the consequences of a catastrophic public health event, whether by an intentional act of terrorism, or the natural emergence of a deadly infectious virus…" Appropriations Report 108-81, (FY 2004).
Global Coverage: A central focus of GDD is the establishment and expansion of Centers in WHO regions around the world. Centers are currently located in Bangladesh, China, Egypt, Georgia, Guatemala, Kazakhstan, Kenya, India, South Africa and Thailand.
Capacity Building: GDD was designated by WHO as a key partner to help implement the IHR (2005) for its 194 member states, and named as the first WHO Collaborating Center for Implementation of International Health Regulations National Surveillance and Response Capacity. GDD works directly with Ministries of Health, WHO, and established CDC programs to develop the critical core capacities to reduce the timeline for identification and control of emerging infectious diseases, otherwise not available, including:
- Emerging infectious disease detection and response
- Training in field epidemiology and laboratory methods
- Pandemic influenza preparedness and response
- Zoonotic disease detection and response at the animal-human interface
- Risk Communication and Emergency Response
- Laboratory systems strengthening