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CDC in South Africa: Why We're Here

HIV and AIDS is one of the main challenges facing a post-apartheid South Africa. With 5.7 million citizens infected with HIV, South Africa has one of the highest numbers of infected adults and children in the world. The epidemic is generalized across the country's population and primarily driven by sexual transmission. The concurrent epidemics of TB and sexually transmitted infections are fueled by this epidemic. In the first decade of democracy in South Africa, adult HIV prevalence rose from less than 3% to an estimated 18.1%.

The cure rate for TB is low, and treatment default rates remain high, heightening concern for development of drug-resistant TB. AIDS-associated mortality is high particularly among young adults and children.

Top 10 Causes of Death in South Africa

  1. HIV/AIDS 41%
  2. Cancer 8%
  3. Stroke 5%
  4. Diabetes 4%
  5. Tuberculosis 4%
  1. Interpersonal Violence 4%
  2. Diarrheal Diseases 4%
  3. Lower Respiratory Infections 3%
  4. Ischemic Heart Disease 3%
  5. Chronic Kidney Disease 2%
  • Page last reviewed: December 5, 2011
  • Page last updated: December 5, 2011
  • Content source: Global Health
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