Animal-Human Diseases (Zoonoses)
CDC’s Animal-Human Interface Project (AHIP) promotes health systems strengthening by encouraging interagency collaboration, preparedness, and response to outbreaks of diseases spread between humans and animals (zoonotic). In the last decade, about 75% of all emerging infectious diseases that affect humans originate from animals and 60% of all existing human infectious diseases are zoonotic. CDC’s AHIP provides consultation to country partners on animal and public health issues directly, and through education and training residents of the Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program. Since 2009, this program in Nigeria has:
- Provided technical expertise for response to outbreaks of pandemic influenza H1N1, rabies, Lassa fever, and leptospirosis;
- Conducted studies to detect influenza viruses in swine, identify novel pathogens and diseases in bats that could be transmitted to humans; and,
- Determined prevalence of vector-borne diseases, brucellosis, and zoonotic tuberculosis.
Visit CDC’s National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases Web site for more information about these activities.